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Augusta in Richmond County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Founding of Augusta

 
 
Founding of Augusta Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, July 2008
1. Founding of Augusta Marker
Inscription. Following the establishment of Georgia's first settlement at Savannah in 1733, General James Edward Oglethorpe, founder of the colony, learned of a thriving trading village on the Carolina bank of the Savannah River located near the head of navigation and protected by Fort Moore.

Indian foot trails met at the Fall Line where rocks in the riverbed formed a natural bridge for safe crossing. As deerskin traders from South Carolina pushed further into the wilderness, the area around the river developed into a well known trading center. Oglethorpe recognized that winning the allegiance of the Indian tribes in the backcountry was crucial to the survival of his colony. He persuaded Parliament to bind the western Indian trade to Georgia rather than South Carolina by requiring licenses for all traders.
General Oglethorpe issued an order in 1736 that a town be marked out on the Georgia bank of the river, deep in Indian country, which he named Augusta in honor of the Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha,wife of Frederick, the Prince of Wales.

A small fort was constructed on the edge of the settlement and garrisoned with a detachment of soldiers to protect the village from possible attack by Spaniards from the south, French from the west, and hostile raiders, all of whom claimed territorial rights to the area.
 
Location.
Above, a map of the colony of Georgia drawn prior to 1760 image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, July 26, 2008
2. Above, a map of the colony of Georgia drawn prior to 1760
33° 28.696′ N, 81° 57.831′ W. Marker is in Augusta, Georgia, in Richmond County. Marker can be reached from River Walk near 8th Street, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Augusta GA 30901, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Great Indian Warrior / Trading Path (a few steps from this marker); William Bartram Trail (a few steps from this marker); De Soto In Georgia (within shouting distance of this marker); A Memorial To Eli Whitney (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Augusta Cotton Exchange (about 600 feet away); The Mayham Tower (about 600 feet away); Jessye Norman (about 700 feet away); Original Augusta Common - 1736 (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Augusta.
 
More about this marker. At left, General James Edward Oglethorpe, founder of Georgia. On the upper right is a map of colonial Georgia drawn prior to 1760.
 
Also see . . .  History of Augusta. The town was laid out on the flat slopes of the Savannah River, just east of the sand hills that would come to be known as "Summerville". The townspeople got along peacefully most of the time with the surrounding tribes of Creek and Cherokee Indians. (Submitted on August 16, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraExplorationSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,306 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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