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Newport News, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Young’s Mill

Magruder’s First Peninsula Defensive Line

 

—1862 Peninsula Campaign —

 
Young’s Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 11, 2008
1. Young’s Mill Marker
Inscription. The mill located behind you is one of the few remaining tide mills on the Peninsula. In the woods across the private road to your left are several redoubts and rifle pits. These fortifications are all that remain of the Confederate 1st Peninsula Defensive Line.

Since the Colonial era, Deep Creek has had a dam and a pond here with a mill. The dam provided an important crossing over Deep Creek for the Great Warwick Road, a dirt roadway that connected Hampton, Newport News Point, and Warwick Court House with Williamsburg. This mill was built in the 1820s by local landowners, the Youngs, who owned nearby Denbigh Plantation.

Following the June 10, 1861, Battle of Big Bethel, Confederate Commander John Bankhead Magruder decided to establish three defensive lines across the Peninsula. Young’s Mill became the western strong point of the 1st Defensive Line, which stretched eastward to Harwood’s Mill and followed the Poquoson River to Ship’s Point. The fortifications constructed near the mill became the Confederate forward base for operations against the Federal forces at Camp Butler.

When the Union forces began their advance against Richmond, Union Gen. McClellan sent Brig. Gen. Erasmus D. Keyes’ IV Corps up the Warwick Road to flank the Confederate positions by way of the Half-Way House west of Yorktown. Magruder abandoned
Young’s Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 11, 2008
2. Young’s Mill Marker
the 1st Defensive Line for a more resolute stand at his 2nd Defensive Line along the Warwick River to Yorktown.

Keyes’ troops moved through the Confederate entrenchments at Young’s Mill encountering little resistance, as Union Private Wilbur Fisk recounted, “We drove the enemy from a position they had fortified and that night occupied the place ourselves. Te rebels left quite a village of huts or barracks, and from appearances, they had enjoyed much more comfortable quarters during the winter than we had ourselves.”

The Union army had made good progress on April 4, and from Young’s Mill, Gen. Keyes expected to be able to reach the Half-Way House on the morrow.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 37° 6.37′ N, 76° 30.832′ W. Marker is in Newport News, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Old Grist Mill Lane and Warwick Blvd (U.S. 60), on the right when traveling west on Old Grist Mill Lane. Click for map. Marker is located at Young's Mill Historic Site. Marker is at or near this postal address: 13055 Warwick Blvd, Newport News VA 23602, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker
Marker at at Young's Mill Historic Site image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 11, 2008
3. Marker at at Young's Mill Historic Site
There are three markers, all entitled Young's Mill, at this location in Young's Mill Historic Site.
, measured as the crow flies. Mathews Mill (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Young’s Mill (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Young’s Mill (a few steps from this marker); First Peninsula Defense Line (within shouting distance of this marker); Providence Mennonite Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Denbigh Parish (approx. ¼ mile away); Two USCT Heroes (approx. 1.1 miles away); Warwick County Confederate Monument (approx. 2.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Newport News.
 
More about this marker. The left of the marker contains a sketch by Larkin Mead of “Vermont Boys Taking Possession of Rebel Fortifications and Barracks at Young’s Mill,” courtesy of Vermont Historical Society.

The right of the marker features a map of Confederate Defenses on the Lower Peninsula, indicating troop movements of Sumner’s II Corps and Heintzelman’s III Corps.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Peninsula Campaign. (Submitted on August 17, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. Tidewater Virginia, The 1862 Peninsula Campaign. Civil War Traveler. (Submitted on August 17, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Young’s Mill image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 11, 2008
4. Young’s Mill
The area around Young's Mill was the site of a Confederate campground in 1861.
Confederate 1st Peninsula Defensive Line image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 11, 2008
5. Confederate 1st Peninsula Defensive Line
These earthworks, located in the woods across the street from the mill, were part of the First Defensive Line built on the Peninsula. They were abandoned on April 4, 1862 as the Federals advanced up the Peninsula.
Map of Confederate Defenses image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 11, 2008
6. Map of Confederate Defenses
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,443 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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