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Taylors in Greenville County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Camp Sevier
 
Camp Sevier Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, June 20, 2008
1. Camp Sevier Marker
 
Inscription.
This camp, named in honor of John Sevier, Lieut. Col., N.C. militia, 1777, Col., 1781, Brig. Gen., U.S.P.A., 1796, was approved as cantonment site May 21, 1917. The 30th Division trained here from August 28, 1917 to May 1, 1918; the 81st, from May 18, 1918 to July 16, 1918; the 20th, from August 12, 1918 to February 28, 1919.
 
Erected 1938 by The American Legion of South Carolina. (Marker Number 23-2.)
 
Location. 34° 53.986′ N, 82° 20.245′ W. Marker is in Taylors, South Carolina, in Greenville County. Marker is at the intersection of Wade Hampton Boulevard (U.S. 29) and Artillery Road, on the left when traveling north on Wade Hampton Boulevard. Click for map. Marker is located beside the Open Hearth Restaurant. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2801 Wade Hampton Boulevard # 1, Taylors SC 29687, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Rev. James R. Rosemond (approx. mile away); Camp Sevier - In Memory (approx. 1.5 miles away); Woodlawn Memorial Park Veterans Memorial (approx. 1.8 miles away); What's So Special About this Bridge? (approx. 2.5 miles away); The Dam for Reservoir 2 (approx. 2.6 miles away); Welcome to Paris Mountain State Park (approx. 2.6 miles away); New Life for Old Bathhouse (approx. 2.6 miles away); Come On In, the Water's Fine! (approx. 2.6 miles away); "Mom, Can I Have a Nickle?" (approx. 2.6 miles away); Open to the Sky (approx. 2.7 miles away).
 
Camp Sevier Marker Photo, Click for full size
By M. L., August 8, 2008
2. Camp Sevier Marker
 

 
Regarding Camp Sevier. The camp was located near the intersection of Rutherford Street and Pine Knoll Drive. Hastily erected in 1917 to help America respond to the Allies' need for freshly trained troops for World War I, the camp was located 6 miles from Greenville and covered 1,900 acres. It included a hospital, drill grounds, bakery and barracks for the Army's 30th Infantry/Field Artillery Division. 80,000 men were trained here for World War I. Following basic training, soldiers were shipped from here to Charleston for combat in France. (Source: http://www.greenville.k12.sc.us/league/tourprt.htm.)

Camp Sevier was one of three training camps in South Carolina. The others were Camp Wadsworth and Camp Jackson, the only one of the three still in operation.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
 
Also see . . .
1. Camp Sevier Photograph Collection. (Submitted on February 2, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
2. 30th Infantry Division (United States). The 30th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II. (Submitted on February 2, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

3. 81st Infantry Division (United States). The 81st Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II. (Submitted on February 2, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

4. 20th Division (United States). Organized in 1918 as a regular army and national army division for World War I, the 20th Division did not go overseas and demobilized in February 1919 at Camp Sevier, South Carolina. (Submitted on February 2, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
View of Wade Hampton Blvd. From Camp Sevier Marker looking North Photo, Click for full size
By M. L., August 8, 2008
3. View of Wade Hampton Blvd. From Camp Sevier Marker looking North
 

5. John Sevier. John Sevier (23 September 1745 – 25 September 1815) served four years (1785–1789) as the only governor of the State of Franklin and twelve years (1796–1801 and 1803–1809) as Governor of Tennessee, and as a U.S. Representative from Tennessee from 1811 until his death. (Submitted on February 2, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

6. The Life of John Sevier Time Line. Including Family Origins & World Events, 1506 - 1815. (Submitted on February 2, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

7. State of Franklin. The State of Franklin was an autonomous, secessionist United States territory created, not long after the end of the American Revolution, from territory that later was ceded by North Carolina to the federal government. (Submitted on February 2, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
Additional comments.
1. About Camp Sevier
On 6 April 1917 the United States declared war on the Central Powers. Governor Manning moved swiftly to make sure that South Carolina did its part, but support for the war was not unanimous. In Lexington, Newberry, Orangeburg, and Charleston Counties there was strong antiwar sentiment among those of German and Irish descent. The week before war was declared,
 
View of Wade Hampton Blvd. from Camp Sevier Marker looking South Photo, Click for full size
By M. L., August 8, 2008
4. View of Wade Hampton Blvd. from Camp Sevier Marker looking South
Notice the street sign in the foreground, Artillery Rd. Many of the streets in the area are named for emplacements that were located in the area when Camp Sevier was here.
 
there were a preparedness parade in Columbia and an antiwar rally at the Lexington County courthouse. Federal authorities jailed the editor of the Abbeville Scimitar for questioning Wilson's motives for going to war and briefly banned the Charleston American from the mails for allegedly subversive comments. Cole Blease condemned the war and in a biting speech compared Manning to the Reconstruction governors. "Dick Manning is the worst governor the State ever had," he said, "worse than Scott, Chamberlain or Moses, because they only stole money and he is trying to steal the souls and bodies of your boys." Although he later recanted and supported the war, he had made a political blunder of the first order.

The State Council of Defense published a South Carolina Handbook on the War that reflected the zeal with which Americans went to war to overthrow "the barbarous rule of brutal Prussia." Either support the war or be labeled a traitor. There could be no middle ground: "Those who are not for us are against us." A corps of 200 business and civic leaders (called "Four Minute Men") were prepared to speak anywhere, anytime. The speakers' bureau, like much of the material in the pamphlet, was part of a coordinated national campaign to mobilize the home front. Carolinians, white and black, rallied to the flag, but because of Jim Crow all war support activities (Red Cross, bond drives,
 
Map of Camp Sevier Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott
5. Map of Camp Sevier
 
victory gardens) were segregated. Some 307,000 young men registered for the draft; of these, 54,000 were drafted. Patriotic fund drives raised nearly $100 million ($1 billion). On a per capita basis, the state's financial support of the war effort was among the highest in the nation. And after a half century white Carolinians once more celebrated the Fourth of July.

The onset of war made civic leaders anxious to have military bases located near their towns. Greenville and Columbia had learned during the Spanish-American War how much money military installations could pump into a community. A combination of local initiative and the state's political influence with the Wilson administration resulted in the authorization for army training bases at Camp Jackson (Columbia), Camp Sevier (Greenville), and Camp Wadsworth (Spartanburg). The Marine Corps facility at Paris Island and the Charleston Navy Yard bustled with increased activity. Concern for servicemen's health led to federal pressure that closed down heretofore tolerated red-light districts in Charleston and Columbia.

The state's national guard units were incorporated into the 30th (Old Hickory) Division that trained at Camp Sevier. Many Carolinians were members of the 81st (Wildcat) and the 371st Regiment, 93d (Negro) divisions that trained at Camp Jackson. All these units saw action in France, the 81st and 93d
 
Camp Sevier Photo, Click for full size
Special Collections, South Carolinian Library, USC Columbia, circa 1918
6. Camp Sevier
The "X" was placed by Sergeant George Haughter so that he could be easily identified by the family.
 
along the Hindenburg Line near Bellincourt. The state's servicemen distinguished themselves on the battlefield. Of the seventy-nine Medals of Honor awarded for conduct "above and beyond the call of duty," seven went to South Carolinians. Among the heroes were James Dozier of Rock Hill, who later served as the state's adjutant general for thirty three years, and Freddy Stowers of Sandy Springs, who was the only black American to receive the medal in either world war. (Source: South Carolina: A History by Walter Edger (1998), pgs 476-477.)
    — Submitted September 13, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
 
Camp Library, Camp Sevier, SC Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, circa 1918
7. Camp Library, Camp Sevier, SC
In addition to the Library, Camp Sevier had one of the first hospitals in the region.
 
 
Camp Sevier Nurses Photo, Click for full size
North Carolina State Archives, circa 1918
8. Camp Sevier Nurses
 
 
World War I Plot -<br>Springwood Cemetery, Greenville, SC Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, May 9, 2009
9. World War I Plot -
Springwood Cemetery, Greenville, SC
The first soldier to be buried in the plot was Fred Kirk (11/07/1917). Also buried in the plot are twenty soldiers from Camp Sevier that died during the Spanish influenza epidemic in 1918. The Greenville News reported the "caskets were stacked like cordwood at the depot" as a result of the outbreak.
 
 
John Sevier<br>23 September 1745 – 25 September 1815 Photo, Click for full size
By Charles Willson Peale, 1792
10. John Sevier
23 September 1745 – 25 September 1815
U.S. House of Rep from N.C. 1790–1791
Gov of Franklin 1785–1789
Gov of Tenn 1796–1801, 1803–1809
U.S. House of Rep from Tenn. 1811-1815
 
 
30th Infantry Division Emblem Photo, Click for full size
Wikipedia
11. 30th Infantry Division Emblem
 
 
81st Infantry Division Emblem Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott
12. 81st Infantry Division Emblem
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on June 20, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 5,622 times since then. Last updated on August 19, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. Photos:   1. submitted on June 20, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   2, 3, 4. submitted on August 18, 2008, by M. L. 'Mitch' Gambrell of Taylors, South Carolina.   5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on September 13, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   9. submitted on May 17, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   10. submitted on February 2, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   11, 12. submitted on September 13, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
 
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