Anderson in Anderson County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Three educational institutions have been in this immediate area: Johnson Female University (1856-63) named for William Bullein Johnson; the Carolina Collegiate Institute (about 1866-90) under W. J. Ligon; and Patrick Military Institute (1887-1900), J. B. Patrick, founder. A Confederate Treasury branch was located here in 1865, and University Hospital in the 1920s.
Erected 1970 by Anderson County Historical Society. (Marker Number 4-11.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the South Carolina, Anderson County Historical Association/Society marker series.
Location. 34° 29.743′ N, 82° 38.912′ W. Marker is in Anderson, South Carolina, in Anderson County. Marker is at the intersection of South Main Street (State Highway 28) and Johnson Street, on the right when traveling south on South Main Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Anderson SC 29622, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Anderson Boys' High School (approx. 0.2 miles away); McDuffie High School (approx. 0.2 miles away); Grace Episcopal Church (approx. ¼ mile away); Historic Wilhite House (approx. 0.3 miles away); Site of First African American High School in Anderson County (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Greeley Institute (approx. 0.3 miles away); St. John's Methodist Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); St. Paul's Baptist Church -- 1865 (approx. 0.4 miles away); Thompson Centennial United ME Church -- 1867 (approx. 0.4 miles away); G. Ross Anderson Jr. Federal Building and United States Courthouse (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Anderson.
Regarding University Hill. Johnson Street was named for William B. Johnson; nearby Patrick Street was named for J.B. Patrick.
Also see . . .
1. Area schools affected by Civil War. The Civil War had a dramatic effect on Upstate schools like Anderson University and Erskine College.
2. William Buellein Johnson. South Carolina Baptist leader and first president of the Southern Baptist Convention.
3. William Bullein Johnson. William Bullein Johnson (13 June 1782 - 2 October 1862) was one of the founders of the South Carolina State Baptist Convention in 1821, and later was the first president of the Southern Baptist Convention from 1845 to 1851.
4. Exhibit features artifacts from Patrick Military Academy. The Anderson County Museum hosted a reception to open the new exhibit featuring the Patrick Military Academy of Anderson.
5. Johnson Female University Broadsheet, January 15, 1853.
1. The Lost Confederate Treasury
As the marker states, Anderson was home to one of the Confederate Treasuries. On May 1, 1865, Union troops arrived in Anderson. Their mission was singular: find the Confederate Treasury. This was the easy part. What troubled the Union soldiers (and delighted the locals) was that the treasury (represented in gold) was gone. When the soldiers broke into the basement room located in the now-gone B.F. Crayton Building, they discovered cases of liquor but no gold. The Union troops got drunk on the liquor and decided not to burn down the town.
On this same date, just northeast of Anderson, a Union cavalry group on patrol with the units from Anderson, met and fought with a group of Citadel Cadets. This encounter is documented in the "Confederate Skirmish" marker, located in Williamston, Anderson County, SC.
2. Patrick Military Institute and Curriculum
The school orginally opened in 1870 as Greenville High School; it subsequently operated as the Greenville Military Institute from 1878 to 1887, at which time it relocated to Anderson and reopened as the Patrick Military Institute. The school ceased operations during the late 1890s.
From a 1896 Anderson Intelligencer: "The curriculum embraces a good course in English, Mathematics, Latin, Greek, German, French, Mental, Moral and Political Science. It also has a business course in which young men are thoroughly taught the science of accounts." (Source: Anderson County Sketches, The Anderson Tricentennial Committee, 1969)
3. Patrick Military Institute, South Carolina
Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of an inspection of the military department of the Patrick Military Institute. made the 20th and 21st instants in accordance with the instructions of the Secretary of War.
The military professorship was established April 25, 1891,and the chair is now filled by Lieut. T.Q. Donaldson, Jr., Seventh Cavalry, who has been on duty since June 25, 1891. He resides at the institute, and, when in the performance of military duties, wears his uniform. He is a member of the faculty, and is employed by the institute as instructor in mathematics and drawing. All rules and orders affecting the military department, and all appointments and promotions of officers and non-commissioned officers are made by the professor of military science and tactics, who also has authority to remove.
Proper military discipline is enforced at all times when the students are under military instruction. Breaches of discipline and misconduct are punished by confinement to limits of school, extra tour of guard, reprimands public and private, and demerits.
The course of instruction is both theoretical and practical and occupies 2 hours per
Facilities for military instruction comprise 107 cadet rifles, muzzle and breech loaders, and the necessary accouterments—the property of the State. The drill ground is small and insufficient for the extended-order formations. There are no means of instruction in artillery or signal drill.
During the past year there have been 154 infantry drills; no artillery drills; no cavalry drills; no exercises in signaling; 7 exercises in target practice; 55 ceremonies.
There has been instruction in the duties of advance and rear guards, and since the 1st of October a garrison guard consisting of 3 non-commissioned officers and 7 privates has been mounted daily. Theoretical instruction has been given in guard duty, the infantry drill regulations, small-arms regulations, and the organization of the army.
Total number of recitations, 42. Average daily attendance at each recitation, 20. Number of examinations, 1 at end of year.
The total number of students enrolled in the institution during the past year
The average attendance at each infantry drill has been 75; target practice, 30: ceremonies, 75.
The students are organized into an infantry battalion, composed of 1 adjutant, 1 sergeant major, 1 color sergeant, and 3 companies. The uniform consists of the West Point cadet gray, dress and undress coats, the buttons, shako, and white belts excepted, and is worn by resident cadets at all times and by day cadets when under military instruction.
At inspection there were no students out of uniform. The arms and accouterments were not generally in good condition. The uniform was neat and becoming.
The reports required by general orders, No. 26, 1891, have been regularly rendered: copies of these reports and all correspondence are on file.
The following-named students of last year having shown special aptitude were reported to the Adjutant-General of the army, and a copy sent to the adjutant-general of the State for his information: Benjamin S. Patrick, cadet captain; William F. Brunson, cadet captain; Henry E. Richbourg, cadet lieutenant. The names of the three most distinguished students in military science during
The attitude of the authorities and students toward the military department is very friendly.
The battalion was reviewed, inspected, and exercised in the infantry drill regulations, in close and extended order, and made a very good appearance. The set up of the cadets is above the average, and but few with round shoulders were noticed. More attention should be paid to the nomenclature of the rifle, which is important. Every cadet should understand his arms and accoutrements thoroughly. After the drill the dispositions of an advanced guard were made rapidly and creditably.
A feature of the military instruction given here, which is quite exceptional, is the mounting of a daily guard, to which attention has been already called. The guard is under the supervision of a cadet officer of the day and observes the general regulations prescribed in the manual of guard duty. Two sentinels are regularly posted in the halls of the cadet barracks during study hours. No better way of inculcating obedience to lawful military authority while teaching an important military duty can be devised. It should be applied generally in all colleges where military instruction is given.
As has been already remarked, neither military discipline nor instruction under existing rules affect
This is the second year of military instruction in the Patrick Military Institute by an officer of the regular army, and Col. Patrick and Lieut. Donaldson may be congratulated in all sincerity on the success of their efforts in the military department.
J.P. Sanger, Major, Inspector-General.
The Inspector-general, U.S. Army, Washington, D.C.
4. The Patrick Military Institute
When he was in his graduating year at the South Carolina Military Academy, Col. J.B. Patrick first conceived the idea of organizing a Military School of his own. It was not, however, until 1878, twelve years after he had been busily engaged in school work, that he adopted the military feature. In that year the " Greenville High School" was converted by Col. Patrick into the " Greenville Military Institute," and the curriculum enlarged so as to meet the wants of the great majority of young men preparing for the duties of life.
The Greenville Military Institute
In 1887, in order to secure better quarters for the Institute, it was transferred to Anderson, S.C., and its name changed to "Patrick Military Institute," after its devoted founder.
Here the Institute happily found a suitable seat. For the last five years the School has been in a prosperous condition, and gives indication of increased and increasing growth. In 1891 Col. Patrick succeeded in getting the War Department to detail an army officer as "Professor of Military Science and Tactics at the Patrick Military Institute." This officer, Lieut. Donaldson, reported for duty in June 1891, and is still serving at the Institute.
The Faculty consists of six Instructors, besides three Lecturers on special subjects. The curriculum embraces a good course in English, Mathematics, Latin, Greek, German, French and Book Keeping.
Of late, in order to meet the demands of a growing popularity, the building accommodations of the Institute have been increased. The graduates of the Patrick Military Institute
The Patrick Military Institute stands now on an assured basis. The devoted Principal, a man of earnest purpose and of high character, is assisted by an energetic son and an accomplished corps of instructors. The friends of sound education will wish for this Institute a continued career of honor and usefulness. (Source: The History of the South Carolina Military Academy, with Appendixes by John Peyre Thomas (1893) pgs 528-529.)
5. Patrick Military Institute Group Photo
RG Paine’s roster (June 1891 – June 1892)
Recorded by Richart Gannt Paine, Cadet No. 1 on the roster. Transcribed from the back of Photo No. 8 by Stuart Paine, his grandson. Notes in [brackets] are Stuart Paine’s.
Board of Officers
1. Lieut. Miller [A.G. – English, 1 year only, later at GA Normal and Industrial College]
2. Capt. Patrick [John M., son – ancient and modern languages]
3. Col. Patrick [John Bellinger, d Sept 1900 – math and social science]
4. Lieut. Gary [T.W. –
5. Lieut. Donaldson, T. Q. [Thomas Quinton, Jr., 1864 - 26 Nov 1934. Was at Wounded Knee; assumed position 14 June 1891, departed June 1893 for Clemson Agricultural College]
1. Paine, R.G. [Richard Gantt, artist/naturalist for U.S. National Museum and noted sculptor]
2. McIver, E.W.
4. Elliott, R.E.
5. Taylor, F.E.
6. Culpeper, A.S.
7. Riley, J.A.
8. Patrick, B.S. [Cadet Captain Benjamin Sweat, graduated June 1892]
9. Wardlaw, W.W. [at Clemson 1895]
12. Coker, T.H.
13. O’Donnell, J.
14. Hunt, C.
16. Patterson, A.
18. Fuller, W.W.
19. Cook, J.A.
21. Stone, J.
24. Sanders, J.E.
25. Bardin, I.D.
27. Richbourg, H.E. [Cadet Lieutenant Henry E.]
28. Knotts, J.J. (died)
30. Gibbs, T.H.
33. Hofling, C.H.
34. Morrall, N.G.
35. Emmons, J.C.
36. Brunson, W.F. [Cadet Captain William F., born 5 Nov 1870]
37. Boynton, S.S.
38. Brunson, C.J. [Charles, medical Dr in Arkansas – source: Wilkes Family Genealogy Database]
39. Brotherhood, R.S.
41. Broughton, N.L.
42. Williams, J.A.
43. Dowling, D [could be "Doroling"]
44. Torvill, J.B. [could be "Towill"]
45. Sanders, R.C.
46. Bookter, E.F. [antecedent at Second Manassas]
47. Gibbs, R.W.
48. Lott, J.A.
49. Coker, C.W.
50. McLeod, J.D.
52. McGowan, A.B.
54. Humphreys, N.C. [first initial could be "W"]
55. Knotts, W.P.
56. Weathersbee, L.
Categories. • Education • Notable Persons •
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