Anderson in Anderson County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
William Bullein Johnson
1782 - 1862
President of Triennial Southern, South Carolina Baptist Conventions. Johnson Female University founded here in 1848 as Johnson Female Seminary was named for him because of his support for female education. From 1853 to 1858, while Chancellor of this institution, he lived in the house at the south end of this street. His grave is in First Baptist Churchyard.
Erected 1970 by First Baptist Church. (Marker Number 4-12.)
Location. 34° 30.14′ N, 82° 38.803′ W. Marker is in Anderson, South Carolina, in Anderson County. Marker is on South Manning Street near East Church Street, on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 307 South Manning Street, Anderson SC 29624, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Living Tribute (within shouting distance of this marker); The First Baptist Church Bell (within shouting distance of this marker); G. Ross Anderson Jr. Federal Building and United States Courthouse (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); William Law Watkins (about 700 feet away); Masonic Temple -- 1889 G.F. Tolly Building -- c. 1910 (about 700 feet away); St. John's Methodist Church (about 700 feet away); In Commemoration of Black Pioneers (about 700 feet away); Portman Shoals (about 800 feet away); Portman Dam and Power Plant (about 800 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Anderson.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. The First Baptist Church of Edgefield, a church pastored by William B. Johnson.
Also see . . .
1. History of Anderson First Baptist Church. "On the grounds of the present church office building, formerly the church parsonage, stood Johnson Female Seminary. It was organized in 1848, and named for Dr. William B. Johnson, the first president of the Southern Baptist Convention." (Submitted on August 19, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
2. William Bullein Johnson. South Carolina Baptist leader and first president of the Southern Baptist Convention. (Submitted on August 19, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
3. William Bullein Johnson. William Bullein Johnson (13 June (Submitted on September 25, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
4. William Bullein Johnson, An Advocate of the Priesthood for Believers. pdf file containing much biographical information on Johnson. (Submitted on September 25, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
5. Southern Baptist Convention. The Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) is a United States-based, mostly conservative Christian denomination. (Submitted on August 19, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
6. Triennial Convention. The Triennial Convention was the first national Baptist denomination in the United States of America. (Submitted on November 19, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
7. Anderson Historic District. Located at 220 E. Morris St, Anderson, SC, the Caldwell-Johnson-Morris Cottage was home to Dr. William Bullein Johnson and is one of the contributing properties in the district. (Submitted on August 19, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
8. Caldwell-Johnson-Morris Cottage. The Caldwell-Johnson-Morris Cottage was built ca. 1851 by Nancy M. Caldwell. (Submitted on October 5, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
9. First Baptist Church of Edgefield, South Carolina (Submitted on August 19, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
10. First Baptist Church of Greenville, South Carolina. Organized by William Wullein Johnson. (Submitted on November 19, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
11. Pilgrims Through the Years: The Bicentennial of First Baptist Church, Savannah, Georgia. Portion of the history of the church that covers the troubling three years Johnson was pastor. (Submitted on November 19, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
12. A Church of Christ. A sermon delivered by Johnson September 22, 1844 at Gilead Meeting House, Union Dist., South Carolina. (Submitted on November 19, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
1. Caldwell-Johnson-Morris Cottage
A "Columbia Cottage," this home was erected c. 1851 and in 1853 became the home of Dr. William B. Johnson. He was president of the female academy, later to become Johnson University, of which he was chancellor. Long a Baptist leader, he was the first president of the Southern Baptist Convention. (Source: Anderson Historic District National Register nomination
— Submitted September 26, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
2. Caldwell-Johnson-Morris Cottage
Built c. 1851, by Nancy M. Caldwell, the Johnson-Morris Cottage is a perfect example of the "raised cottage" genera of houses which were built extensively in the 19th century.
One-story, raised brick basement elevates house and gives effect of a two-story dwelling. Facade has high wooden steps which land to pedimented portico on main floor level. This central portico is supported by four, square columns and enclosed with balustrade. Entrance, flanked by four-pane sidelights, has six-pane transom above. Located on either side of portico is a pair of nine-over-nine sash windows with louver shutters. Two symmetrically spaced chimneys are set in medium gable roof.
Located on Morris Street, facing Manning Street, the house stand out for several blocks due to its situation as an "island" with access streets on all sides. Originally the house stood on a four-acre lot, however, the present lot is still quite spacious. Dimensions of present lot are 100 feet on the front, 101 feet on back and 164 feet along the sides.
The architecturally significant Johnson-Morris House is also important as the home of Dr. William Bullein
In 1804 William Bullein Johnson, successful young lawyer of Beaufort, South Carolina, was caught up in the religious revival which swept through the area's Baptist churches. Following this spiritual experience, Johnson abandoned his law practice to serve as a Baptist minister throughout South Carolina. He was also chaplain for South Carolina College and pastor of the Baptist Church of Savannah, Georgia.
Equally interested in nationwide Baptist activity, Dr. Johnson was credited by Luther Rice as having initiated the idea of the first Baptist Triennial Convention organized in Philadelphia in 1814. This convention was the first effort to unity the scattered, unorganized Baptists of America into one concerted drive for foreign missions and Baptist educational institutions. Johnson later became president of the Triennial Convention and remained an active member for 30 years.
Knowing that the Triennial Convention could not survive without organized support from Baptists within the individual states Johnson became a foremost advocate of the South Carolina Baptist Convention and served as its president from 1825-1853.
In 1845, the Triennial Convention met in Providence, hose Island to discuss the growing rift between Northern and Southern Baptists
An alumnus of Brown University, Dr. Johnson was always aware of the educational needs of South Carolina, especially in the area of higher educational needs of South Carolina, especially in the area of higher education for women. In Greenville he served as principal of the city's two academies (male and female) from 1822 until 1830 when he began a twenty-two year career as principal of Edgefield Female Academy. In 1853, Dr. Johnson assumed the role of chancellor and teacher at Johnson Female University, Anderson, South Carolina, forerunner of today's Anderson College. Dr. Johnson held this position until his retirement in 1858.
The following statement concerning the house's architectural importance is by Dr. Harold N. Cooledge, Jr., College of Architecture, Clemson University:
"...the Johnson Morris House in Anderson, because of its total site, its relative completeness of fabric, the general soundness of that fabric and the relative ease with which it can be rehabilitated is probably the best standing example of mid-nineteenth residential architecture
— Submitted October 4, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
3. Caldwell-Johnson-Morris Cottage, 220 E. Morris St.
The Caldwell-Johnson-Morris Cottage was built c. 1851 by Nancy M. Caldwell, a widow of a circuit judge. In 1853, she sold the home to Dr. William Bullein Johnson, a Baptist minister and educator who was credited for the founding of several churches and schools in South Carolina as well as being a pioneer in promoting the education of women. Dr. Johnson assumed the role of chancellor and teacher at Johnson Female University, the forerunner of Anderson University. In 1858 the home was sold again, this time to Mrs.
— Submitted October 5, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
4. Rev. William B. Johnson, D.D.
William Bullein Johnson was born at Georgetown, S.C., June 13, 1782. During his minority, he prosecuted studies with reference to the profession of law; but having, in the year 1803, removed to Beaufort, he became a subject of converting grace, and his life-purpose was changed. After his baptism by the Rev. Joseph B. Cook, the church at Beaufort called him to the public exercise of his gifts as a preacher of the gospel. About the year 1805, he was ordained as pastor of the Baptist Church at Euhaw. Subsequently, for the sake of better literary advantages, he removed to Columbia, where, in addition to studies with Dr. Maxcy, President of the South Carolina College, he was successful in organizing a Baptist Church. In 1811, he succeeded the Rev. Dr. Holcombe as pastor of the church in Savannah, Georgia. In 1823, he took charge of the Academy at Greenville, where, during eight years, he both taught and preached, being esteemed
Dr. Johnson took an early interest in the cause of Christian Missions, and became an earnest co-worker with that noble pioneer, the Rev. Luther Rice. In 1841, he was elected President of the General Convention, then assembled in Baltimore. As a presiding officer, in various deliberative bodies, he was unsurpassed in dignity, moderation, and efficiency. He was respected by all who knew him as a man of solid excellence. (Source: The Missionary Jubilee: An Account of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the American Baptist Missionary Union, at Philadelphia, May 24, 25, and 26, 1864 by the American Baptist Missionary Union (1869) pg 138.)
— Submitted September 26, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
Categories. • Churches, Etc. • Education • Notable Persons •
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