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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Scranton in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Making Steel

 
 
Making Steel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 25, 2008
1. Making Steel Marker
Inscription. In 1875, the Lackawanna Iron & Coal Company installed Bessemer Converters in order to convert their pig iron into steel. The steel works was located across Cedar Avenue where the General Dynamics plant now stands.

The Bessemer process involved charging a large egg-shaped vessel with several tons of molten pig iron and blowing air through passages in the bottom. The resulting shower of sparks was the excess carbon being burned off. Rather than remove all the carbon, the blows (periods of blast) were timed so that a small percentage of it remained, thus creating steel. Steel rail was much more durable than iron and by 1876, had become the standard in the railroad industry.

In 1883, following a disagreement with fellow board members, William Scranton left the firm and, with the help of his brother Walter, built the Scranton Steel Company. The new works was located about one mile to the west of this site on the banks of the Lackawanna River. Scranton Steel also produced steel rails utilizing the Bessemer process. Competition between the two firms ended in 1891, when they merged to form the titan Lackawanna Iron and Steel Company - the third largest steel works in America.

The length of rail on display was rolled at Scranton Steel in May 1889.
 
Location. 41° 24.242′ 
Making Steel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 25, 2008
2. Making Steel Marker
N, 75° 39.77′ W. Marker is in Scranton, Pennsylvania, in Lackawanna County. Marker is at the intersection of Cedar Avenue and Mattes Avenue, on the right when traveling north on Cedar Avenue. Click for map. Located at the Scranton Iron Furnace Park. Marker is in this post office area: Scranton PA 18505, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rolling and Puddling (a few steps from this marker); Casting Iron (a few steps from this marker); Supplying the Blast (a few steps from this marker); Settlement (a few steps from this marker); The Lackawanna Valley (a few steps from this marker); Scranton Iron Furnaces (within shouting distance of this marker); City of Scranton (within shouting distance of this marker); The Blast Furnaces (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Scranton.
 
More about this marker. An illustration on the left shows the Bessemer process in action. Photos on the right show the Lackawanna Iron & Steel company works as they appeared when in use.
 
Categories. Industry & Commerce
 
Portion of the Steel Rail image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 25, 2008
3. Portion of the Steel Rail
The rail is mounted along the sidewalk leading to the Furnace tops and exhibits.
Site of the Steel Works image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 25, 2008
4. Site of the Steel Works
The steel works were located on the site presently occupied by the General Dynamics plant. Today the plant is an armaments production factory.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 651 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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