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Yorktown in York County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Redoubts 9 and 10

1781 Siege of Yorktown

 

—Colonial National Historical Park —

 
Redoubts 9 and 10 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
1. Redoubts 9 and 10 Marker
Inscription.
“The … batteries were principally directed against … the enemys advanced redoubts on their extreme … left to prepare them for the intended assault …”
General George Washington’s Diary, October 14, 1781.


The completion of the Allied Second Siege Line was blocked by a portion of the British outer works – two detached earthen forts called Redoubts 9 and 10, located 400 yards in advance of the British Inner Defense Line. Though General Washington considered allied frontal attacks against the British Inner Defense Line impractical and costly, Redoubts 9 and 10 were a different matter. General Washington called upon the infantry to capture these positions.

On October 14, Allied artillery bombarded Redoubts 9 and 10 most of the day, preparing for American and French assaults. At approximately eight o’clock in the evening, the artillery briefly fell silent. Then several cannons fired in unison, the signal for the attack columns to move on their objectives.

Follow the walkway to the redoubts and discover more of the story of the American and French attacks.

“Last evening the enemy carried my two advanced redoubts on the left by storm, and during the night have included them in their second parallel … My situation now becomes very critical …”
General Charles
Marker on Yorktown Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
2. Marker on Yorktown Battlefield
Lord Cornwallis to General Sir Henry Clinton, October 15, 1781.

Redoubt 9           Redoubt 10
      ←                       →

 
Erected by Colonial National Historical Park, National Park Service.
 
Location. 37° 13.689′ N, 76° 29.842′ W. Marker is in Yorktown, Virginia, in York County. Marker is on Ballard Street (Virginia Route 238), on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is located on the Yorktown Battlefield in Colonial National Historical Park, at stop D on the Battlefield Tour. Marker is in this post office area: Yorktown VA 23690, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Second Siege Line (a few steps from this marker); Grand American Battery (within shouting distance of this marker); Redoubt 9 (within shouting distance of this marker); Time, Tide and Erosion (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Capture of Redoubt No. 10 (about 400 feet away); Redoubt 10 (about 400 feet away); French Soldiers and Sailors (about 400 feet away); Communicating Trench (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Yorktown.
 
More about this marker. The right of the marker contains a picture of the
Redoubt 9 image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
3. Redoubt 9
This redoubt was stormed by French troops on the evening of October 14, 1781.
storming of one of the redoubts. The left of the marker features a map, titled “Plan for the Storming of the British Redoubts,” showing the fortification at Yorktown.
 
Also see . . .
1. Yorktown Battlefield. National Park Service. (Submitted on August 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. The Battle of Yorktown. The Patriot Resource website. (Submitted on August 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

3. The Battle of Yorktown 1781. A British perspective of the Battle of Yorktown from BritishBattles.com. (Submitted on August 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Notable EventsNotable PlacesWar, US Revolutionary
 
Redoubt 10 image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
4. Redoubt 10
While the French were attacking Redoubt 9, American troops charged this redoubt on the York River. Both redoubts were taken in less than a half hour and made part of the Allied Second Siege Line.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,203 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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