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Capitol Hill in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Washington Navy Yard: Maker of Weapons
Tour of Duty: Barracks Row Heritage Trail
 
Washington Navy Yard: Maker of Weapons Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, August 5, 2008
1. Washington Navy Yard: Maker of Weapons Marker
 
Inscription. The white brick wall in front of you marks the original northern boundary of the Navy Yard. The yard grew from its original 12 acres to 128 acres at its peak in 1962. In 2003 it consisted of 73 acres with 55 acres making up the adjacent Southeast Federal Center.

After the War of 1812, the Navy Yard's shipbuilding dwindled. the Anacostia River was too shallow and remote from the ope sea for building large vessels. By the 1840s, weapons production dominated activities.

In 1886, the Naval Gun Factory was established. During World War II it was the world's largest, producing everything from precision gunsights to enormous 16-inch battleship guns. By 1962 missiles and aircraft made elsewhere had decreased demand for guns, so the factories closed. The yard became an administrative and supply center, with museums and parks. Operations slowed until 2001, when the Navy adapted dozens of manufacturing spaces for offices and the number of employees doubled.

The "castle" to your right is the old Navy Yard Car Barn, built in 1891 by the Washington and Georgetown Rilroad Company for a brief experiment with cable cars. Cars traveled
 
The Latrobe Gate, ceremonial entrance to the Washington Navy Yard Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, August 5, 2008
2. The Latrobe Gate, ceremonial entrance to the Washington Navy Yard
across M Street from the marker which is visible in lower right of photo.
 
between the Navy Yard and Georgetown, pulled by a moving cable buried in a slot between the rails. Capitol Hill resident J. George Butler wrote of how pranksters would "use a hooked wire to engage the cable, and then swoop down the street on roller skates until some killjoy policeman hove into sight." In 1897 cable cars were discontinued in favor of the new electric streetcars, and the car barn was devoted to their storage and maintenance.
 
Erected by Cultural Tourism DC. (Marker Number 10.)
 
Location. 38° 52.604′ N, 76° 59.705′ W. Marker is in Capitol Hill, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is on 8th Street, SE 0 miles north of M Street, SE, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Washington Navy Yard DC 20374, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Washington Navy Yard: Serving the Fleet (a few steps from this marker); Latrobe Gate - Tingey House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Washington Navy Yard (about 300 feet away); Leutze Park Gun Collection (about 400 feet away); Optical Tower - Second Officers House (about 500 feet away); Second Officer's House (about 500 feet away); The Center for Naval History - The Navy Museum (about 700 feet away); Leutze Park - Marine Corps Historical Center (about 700 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Capitol Hill.
 
The landmark "Blue Castle" at 8th and M Streets, SE Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, August 5, 2008
3. The landmark "Blue Castle" at 8th and M Streets, SE
formerly a streetcar barn across the street from the Navy Yard, the building now houses the District's Eagle Academy charter school. (Marker is visible on sidewalk, center right.)
 

 
More about this marker. [Illustration captions:]
"Awful explosion of the Peacemaker" by N. Currier illustrates the 1844 accident that led to the creation of the Navy Yard's weapons testing facilities. A gun exploded during a VIP demonstration test, killing President John Tyler's Secretaries of State and Navy and nearly killing the President himself.

Commander John A. Dahlgren, top, the "father of American naval ordnance, "created a modern-style research and development program in the 1850s and invented the distinctive "soda-water bottle" shaped cannon in time for the Civil War. President Lincoln often visited his good friend Dahlgren here.


An electric streetcar, adapted from an earlier experimental cable car, awaits passengers on M Street in front of the Navy Yard Car Barn around 1902. In later years this building was known as the Blue Castle.


Over more than two centuries, the Navy Yard has expanded along the Anacostia riverfront, erasing the original shoreline as landfill was added. Employment peaked in 1944 at 26,000.


In 1943 the National Youth Administration sent Juanita Gray to work on a metal lathe at the Navy Yard for $45 per week.
 
Washington Navy Yard (Naval Gun Factory), Bldg. 76. The Navy Museum. Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, June 2008
4. Washington Navy Yard (Naval Gun Factory), Bldg. 76. The Navy Museum.
The Navy Museum which opened in 1963 is housed in Building 76, the former 600-foot-long Breech Mechanism shop of the Old Navy Gun Factory. The north end of the building was erected in the late nineteenth century and the southern portion was added in 1899. A 400-foot addition on the northern end, used for fitting liners and reinforcing hoops to gun barrels, was removed in the 1970s. The Museum contains exhibits which commemorate the Navy's wartime heroes and battles and peacetime contributions in the fields of science, diplomacy, and humanitarian service.
 
 
16-inch Gun Produced at the Navy Yard Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, July 21, 2008
5. 16-inch Gun Produced at the Navy Yard
This massive weapon is on display at nearby Willard Park on the Navy Yard.
 
 
Breech of 16-inch Gun Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, July 21, 2008
6. Breech of 16-inch Gun
(Double click photo for a magnified view.) Note the manufacturing markings on the lower right:

U.S. Naval Gun Factory, W.N.Y.
16in Gun Mark II Mod. I, No. 111
Supt. J.H.C. Insp. E.W.McK.
P. 286,326 lbs.
1922
 
 
20-pounder Dahlgren Rifle Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, August 1, 2008
7. 20-pounder Dahlgren Rifle
Not all the Navy Yard Gun Factory products were large. This 20-pounder (4-inch bore) light rifled cannon, on display at the nearby Naval Museum, was produced at the Navy Yard in 1865. Intended for use on launches or light field carriages, this piece was one of a family of "boat howitzers" produced before, during, and after the Civil War at the Yard.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on August 29, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 3,603 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on August 29, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   4. submitted on September 2, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   5, 6, 7. submitted on August 29, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
 
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