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Near Chrisman in Edgar County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Pontiac Peace Treaty

 
 
Pontiac Peace Treaty Marker image. Click for full size.
By John Desaulniers, Jr., March 16, 2010
1. Pontiac Peace Treaty Marker
Inscription. A few miles west of here on July 18, 1765, Pontiac, an Ottawa Chief, and George Croghan, British Representative, met in a formal peace council which ended the most threatening Indian uprising against the British in North America. Following the French and Indian War (1754 - 1763), many Indian tribes showed dissatisfaction with British rule. Indian leaders believed the land belonged to the Indians and that the French and British occupied it only by their consent, but the British had no intention of accepting Indian tribes as independent national units possessing sovereignty. This disagreement and others concerning liquor, ammunition, and other gifts led to open hostilities.

On May 3, 1763, Pontiac led the Ottawa and other tribes in an attack of Fort Detroit. Additional tribes attacked other forts. Soon the frontier was the scene of an extensive Indian uprising. By August, only Detroit, Fort Pitt, and Fort Niagara remained in British hands. Pontiac held his followers to a six months siege of Detroit which was remarkable as warriors preferred active combat. Contemporary estimates of the number killed or captured by the Indians ran as high as 2,000, but the actual figure was closer to 600.

The siege failed and Pontiac traveled west to seek French aid. When this was refused, Pontiac agreed to meet the English Representative
Pontiac Peace Treaty Marker image. Click for full size.
By Al Wolf, August 31, 2008
2. Pontiac Peace Treaty Marker
George Crogahn. Following this meeting, Pontiac accompanied Croghan to Detroit where they arrived on August 17, 1765, to finalize the treaty with appropriate ceremonies.

Pontiac was assassinated in Cahokia, Illinois, in April 1769 by a Peoria Indian.
 
Erected 1989 by Illinois Department of Transportation, Illinois State Historical Society.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Illinois State Historical Society marker series.
 
Location. 39° 50.465′ N, 87° 39.884′ W. Marker is near Chrisman, Illinois, in Edgar County. Marker is on U.S. 150 0.3 miles north of County Route 2500N, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chrisman IL 61924, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Abraham Lincoln - Eighth Judicial District (approx. 2.8 miles away); Dedicated to All Veterans (approx. 3.7 miles away); One of The Original Milestones (# 97) (approx. 5.1 miles away); Veterans Honor Roll (approx. 7.2 miles away); One of The Original Milestones (# 93) (approx. 9.2 miles away); Detroit - Kaskaskia Indian Trail
Marker on West Side at a Rest Area image. Click for full size.
By Al Wolf, August 31, 2008
3. Marker on West Side at a Rest Area
View looking North up U.S. 150 highway. Marker is under tree in the rest area.
(approx. 9.4 miles away); Ernie Pyle - - Home (approx. 9.4 miles away in Indiana); Georgetown Parade of Patriots Monument (approx. 9.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Chrisman.
 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, CastlesNative AmericansNotable EventsNotable PersonsNotable PlacesSettlements & SettlersWar, French and Indian
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana. This page has been viewed 2,341 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by John Desaulniers, Jr. of Mingo, Iowa.   2, 3. submitted on , by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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