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Yorktown in York County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Monument to the Alliance and Victory

 
 
Yorktown Victory Monument image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
1. Yorktown Victory Monument
Inscription.
Yorktown Monument Commissioners , 1881
R. M. Hunt, Architect, Chairman
Henry Van Brunt, Architect,
J. Q. A. Ward, Sculptor
---------------
Oskar J. W. Hansen, Sculptor of Liberty, 1957


Front of Monument:
At York on October 19 1781, after a siege of nineteen days by 5500 American and 7000 French troops of the line, 3500 Virginia Militia under command of General Thomas Nelson and 36 French ships of war, Earl Cornwallis, commander of the British forces at York and Gloucester, surrendered his army, 7251 officers and men, 840 seamen, 244 cannon and 24 standards, to his Excellency George Washington, Commander in Chief of the combined forces of America and France, to his Excellency the Comte de Rochambeau commanding the auxiliary troops of his most Christian Majesty in America and to his Excellency the Comte de Grasse Commanding in Chief the naval army of France in Chesapeake

Left Side of Monument:
The Provisional Articles of Peace concluded November 30, 1782 and the definitive Treaty of Peace concluded September 3, 1783 between the United States of America and George III King of Great Britain of Ireland declare his Britannic Majesty acknowledges the said United States, viz New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations Connecticut, New York, New
Lower Front of Base image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
2. Lower Front of Base
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia to be free, sovereign and independent

Back of Monument:
Erected in pursuance of a resolution of Congress adopted October 29, 1781 and an Act of Congress approved June 7, 1880 to commemorate the victory by which the independence of the United States of America was achieved.

Right Side of Monument:
The treaty concluded February 6, 1788 between the United States of America and Louis XVI King of France declares the essential and direct end of the present defensive alliance is to maintain effectually the liberty and sovereignty and independence absolute and unlimited of the said United States as well in matters of government as of commerce.

Shaft:
One country, one constitution, one destiny.
 
Erected 1881 by United States of America.
 
Location. 37° 14.008′ N, 76° 30.304′ W. Marker is in Yorktown, Virginia, in York County. Marker is on Main Street, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Yorktown VA 23690, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Yorktown Victory Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Victory Monument
Front of Monument image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
3. Front of Monument
The front of monument contains a succinct narrative of the 1781 Siege.
(within shouting distance of this marker); Yorktown (within shouting distance of this marker); Tobacco Road (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Dudley Digges House, circa 1760 (about 400 feet away); Yorke Village (about 500 feet away); Yorktown's Sunken Fleet (about 500 feet away); The Brig Betsy (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Yorktown.
 
Also see . . .
1. Yorktown Battlefield, Yorktown Victory Monument. National Park Service. (Submitted on September 7, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. The Battle of Yorktown 1781. A British perspective of the Battle of Yorktown from BritishBattles.com. (Submitted on September 7, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Notable EventsNotable PlacesWar, US Revolutionary
 
Left Side of Monument image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
4. Left Side of Monument
The left side of the monument describes the resulting treaty of peace with England.
Back of Monument image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
5. Back of Monument
The back of monument dedicates it as a memorial of victory.
Right Side of Monument image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
6. Right Side of Monument
The right side of the monument commemorates America's treaty of alliance with France.
Emblems of nationality image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
7. Emblems of nationality
Emblems of war image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
8. Emblems of war
Emblems of the alliance image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
9. Emblems of the alliance
Emblems of peace image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
10. Emblems of peace
Liberty image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
11. Liberty
The original Liberty statue was damaged by lightning on July 29, 1942. This redesigned statue, scuplted by Oskar J. W. Hansen, was erected in 1957.
<i>Yorktown Monument, Yorktown, Virginia</i> image. Click for full size.
Postcard by the Detroit Photographic Company, 1902
12. Yorktown Monument, Yorktown, Virginia
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,165 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   12. submitted on . This page was last revised on November 30, 2016.
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