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Newport News, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

One-Gun Battery

1862 Peninsula Campaign

 
 
One-Gun Battery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 11, 2008
1. One-Gun Battery Marker
Inscription. The twelve miles of Confederate defenses followed the course of the Warwick River one mile from Yorktown to Mulberry Island. Dam No. 1, the mid-point, was protected by this one-gun battery mounting a 12-pound howitzer. In addition, a 6-pound smoothbore and a 24-pound howitzer were situated in the redoubts behind this point. On April 16, 1862, Brigadier General William Smith, a division commander in the IV Corps, directed an attack against Dam No. 1 to break through the Confederate lines.

At 8:30 a.m., Captain Thaddeus Mott’s 3rd New York Battery opened fire on the earthworks at the dam. Moreover, the 3rd Vermont Infantry and the 4th Vermont Infantry deployed along the Warwick and poured volleys into the Confederate positions. The Confederates had only three cannons to counter the Union barrage, and Captain James Jordan soon withdrew the 12-pound howitzer guarding the dam. However, the Troup Artillery’s 6-pounder disabled one of Mott’s cannons before the artillery duel ended around 11:00 a.m. Major General George McClellan arrived around noon, and Lieutenant Edwin Noyes, who had crossed the river, reported that the Confederates had abandoned the rifle pits along the Warwick. Consequently, General Smith received permission to cross the river and capture the earthworks.
 
Erected by Virginia
Marker in Newport News Park image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 11, 2008
2. Marker in Newport News Park
Lee Hall Reservoir, which was the Warwick River at the time of the battle, can be seen in the background.
Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 37° 11.099′ N, 76° 32.265′ W. Marker is in Newport News, Virginia. Marker can be reached from Constitution Way, on the left when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is located in Newport News Park, on the Two Forts Walking Trail on the north side of Lee Hall Reservoir. Marker is in this post office area: Newport News VA 23603, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. “Their Conduct was Worthy of Veterans” (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); “Every Kind of Obstruction was Skillfully Used” (about 700 feet away); “The Bullets Would Whistle Around my Head” (approx. 0.2 miles away); Third Regiment Vermont Volunteer Infantry (approx. 0.2 miles away); Battle of Lee’s Mill (Dam Number 1) (approx. 0.2 miles away); “Just Like Sap – Boiling, in the Stream” (approx. 0.2 miles away); Battle of Dam No. 1 (approx. 0.2 miles away); Ten Pound Parrott Rifle and Limber (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Newport News.
 
More about this marker. The bottom left of the marker contains a drawing of soldiers manning a battery.
Confederate Earthworks image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 11, 2008
3. Confederate Earthworks
These earthworks, built during the Civil War at Dam No. 1, are located near the marker. During the battle, a 6-pound smoothbore and a 24-pound howitzer were located at this site.
It has a caption of “Wynne’s Mill. Courtesy of John Moran Quarstein.” Also on the marker is a photograph of “Brigadier General William Smith and his staff. Vermont Historical Society
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Markers on the Two Forts Walking Trail in Newport News Park.
 
Also see . . .
1. Yorktown. CWSAC Battle Summaries. (Submitted on September 7, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. Tidewater Virginia, The 1862 Peninsula Campaign. Civil War Traveler. (Submitted on September 7, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,281 times since then and 37 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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