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Ninety Six in Greenwood County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Second Parallel

June 3, 1781

 
 
Second Parallel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, May 13, 2010
1. Second Parallel Marker
Inscription.
By June 3, the sappers had finished the approach trench and established a second parallel. Now that he was in position to attack Cruger's stronghold, Greene, in keeping with the etiquette of siege warfare, made a formal demand for the Loyalists' surrender. But Cruger saw no need to comply with Greene's demand. The Loyalists' casualities so far were light and they had enough food stored away for another month.
 
Erected 2009 by National Park Service.
 
Location. 34° 8.815′ N, 82° 1.119′ W. Marker is in Ninety Six, South Carolina, in Greenwood County. Marker can be reached from South Cambridge Street (Route 248). Click for map. Marker is on the grounds of Ninety Six Historic Park battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Ninety Six SC 29666, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Second Approach Trench (here, next to this marker); Approach Trench (a few steps from this marker); The Rifle Tower (within shouting distance of this marker); The Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); The Mine (within shouting distance of this marker); Island Ford Road
Second Parallel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, May 13, 2010
2. Second Parallel Marker
(about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Siege Trenches (about 300 feet away but has been reported missing); The British Fortifications (about 300 feet away); The Attack (about 300 feet away); The Patriots Lay Siege to the Star Fort (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Ninety Six.
 
More about this marker. Marker shown in Photo 1 is the current version of the marker.
 
Also see . . .
1. Ninety Six National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service). Here settlers struggled against the harsh backcountry to survive, Cherokee Indians hunted and fought to keep their land, two towns and a trading post were formed and abandoned to the elements, and two Revolutionary War battles that claimed over 100 lives took place here. (Submitted on September 8, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

2. Biography of Col. Otho Holland Williams. Williams, Otho Holland, soldier, born in Prince George county, Maryland, in March, 1749; died about 1800. (Submitted on September 8, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

3. Otho Holland Williams.
Original The Second Parallel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 5, 2008
3. Original The Second Parallel Marker
At the onset of the siege, Greene had violated the customary etiquette of war by failing to request an immediate surrender. On June 3, with the completion of the second parallel, Greene sent Colonel Otho Holland Williams "with a flag of truce" to demand the garrison's surrender.

Williams insisted that the Loyalist position was hopeless and urged Cruger to avoid further casualties. Since British losses numbered only one officer and eight privates killed, Cruger's situation was far from hopeless and he rejected Greene's summons to surrender.
Otho Holland Williams (March 1, 1749 – July 15, 1794) was a famous Continental Army soldier from Maryland in the American Revolutionary War. (Submitted on September 8, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, CastlesMan-Made FeaturesMilitaryNotable EventsNotable PersonsPatriots & PatriotismWar, US Revolutionary
 
Paved Walking Path Leading to Second Parallel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, May 13, 2010
4. Paved Walking Path Leading to Second Parallel Marker
Battlefield from the Current Second Parallel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, May 13, 2010
5. Battlefield from the Current Second Parallel Marker
Battlefield from the Original Second Parallel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 5, 2008
6. Battlefield from the Original Second Parallel
Near the right stands the rifle tower. The ridge of Star Fort can be seen to the left.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 629 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   3. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   4, 5. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   6. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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