“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Manteo in Dare County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)

Battle of Roanoke Island

Battle of Roanoke Island Marker image. Click for full size.
circa June 1999
1. Battle of Roanoke Island Marker
The key letters in the text are matched to points on the map.
Inscription. At 3 P.M. February 7, 1862, Union forces under Gen. Ambrose Burnside landed at Ashby Harbor (A). By midnight 7,500 Federals were ashore. A Confederate force of 400 men and 3 field-pieces was sent to resist the Federal landing. The Confederates were driven away by gunfire from the Federal fleet in Croatan Sound (B).

The Confederates withdrew north along the only road on the island (C), situated a little to the west of the present State Highway 345 (D), across which a line of breastworks had been constructed at Point E to delay the Federal advance. The Confederates relied on the swamps (F) on each side of the road to protect their flanks. The Confederate right (G) and left (H) flanks were protected by skirmishers.

The Federal 1st Brigade assaulted the Confederates in front, supported by 6 cannon. Federal infantry attempted to advance, but were repulsed by heavy Confederate fire. Troops were ordered into the swamp (F) to crush the Confederate left (H).

At this time Gen. J. L. Reno arrived with four regiments of the Federal 2nd Brigade, which he moved through the swamp against the Confederate right (G). By the time the Federals reached both flanks of the Confederate position, Gen. J. G. Parke, commanding the Federal 3rd Brigade, arrived and made an attack upon the Confederate front. Under pressure from three sides,
Battle of Roanoke Island Marker image. Click for full size.
circa June 1999
2. Battle of Roanoke Island Marker
the Confederates withdrew to the northern end of the island (I).

Additional Confederate forces arrived in time to become involved in the retreat. One hour later the Confederate commander surrendered his entire force, 2,488 men, to Gen. Burnside. Roanoke Island was lost--and with it Confederate control of the North Carolina Sound region.

CONFEDERATE TROOPS ENGAGED: Company B, 8th and Companies B, F, and E, 31st North Carolina Regiments; Companies E and K, 59th, two companies of the 46th, and one company of the 49th Virginia Regiment.

FEDERAL TROOPS ENGAGED: 21st, 23rd, 25th, and 27th Massachusetts Regiments; 9th and 51st New York Regiments; 9th New Jersey Regiment; 10th Connecticut Regiment.

Total number of troops engaged: Federal: over 5,000; Confederate: 400. (Marker Number BB-4.)
Location. 35° 53.365′ N, 75° 39.629′ W. Marker is in Manteo, North Carolina, in Dare County. Marker is on Mills Landing Road (North Carolina Route 345), on the left when traveling south. Click for map. NC 345 south of junction with US 64/264. Marker is in this post office area: Manteo NC 27954, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Andrew Cartwright (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Burnside Expedition of 1862
Battle of Roanoke Island Map image. Click for full size.
By Paul Jordan, June 15, 2009
3. Battle of Roanoke Island Map
(approx. half a mile away); Bowser Family Cemetery (approx. half a mile away); Red Wolf Country (approx. half a mile away); Confederate Channel Obstructions (approx. 1.4 miles away); Fort Bartow (approx. 1.4 miles away); Spirit of Roanoke Island (approx. 1.4 miles away); Roanoke Marshes Lighthouse (approx. 1.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Manteo.
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of Roanoke Island. As part of the opening moves in the war, the victory at Roanoke Island opened many options for the Federal Army. (Submitted on September 13, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Battle of Roanoke Island. Although it was one of the largest battles in North Carolina, no traces remain of the struggle. Time, weather, and development have erased the scars of war. (Submitted on September 13, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by M. L. 'Mitch' Gambrell of Taylors, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 2,052 times since then and 130 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by M. L. 'Mitch' Gambrell of Taylors, South Carolina.   3. submitted on , by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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