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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Chancellor in Spotsylvania County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

First Day at Chancellorsville

Retreat Over Mott's Run

 
 
First Day at Chancellorsville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 24, 2008
1. First Day at Chancellorsville Marker
Inscription. "The road, the woods, and fields on either side, over which the enemy retired, were strewn with knapsacks, blankets, overcoats, and many other valuable articles."
- Gen. Paul Semmes, CSA

Union Gen. George Sykes, simultaneously flanked out of his position and ordered by Gen. Joseph Hooker to withdraw to Chancellorsville, called for a retreat. One soldier described the movement over the little brook in front of you then known as Mott's Run, but today called Lick Run:
"At this moment our regimental commander, Capt. [Salem S.] Marsh, faced around on his horse, and holding his sword aloft, shouted, 'Steady there, boys; don't run!' But as he uttered the last words a bullet struck him and he fell from his horse dead."
 
Erected 2008 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 17.911′ N, 77° 36.048′ W. Marker is near Chancellor, Virginia, in Spotsylvania County. Marker can be reached from Plank Road / Germanna Highway (State Highway 3), on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Located along the Civil War Preservation Trust's walking trail through the First Day at Chancellorsville
Help Preserve Chancellorsville image. Click for more information.
2. Help Preserve Chancellorsville
CWPT efforts to save the battlefield.
Click for more information.
Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22407, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named First Day at Chancellorsville (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named First Day at Chancellorsville (approx. mile away); a different marker also named First Day at Chancellorsville (approx. 0.3 miles away); Chancellorsville Campaign (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named First Day at Chancellorsville (approx. 0.4 miles away); a different marker also named First Day at Chancellorsville (approx. 0.4 miles away); a different marker also named First Day at Chancellorsville (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named First Day at Chancellorsville (approx. 0.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Chancellor.
 
More about this marker. In the center are two portraits:
Gen. George Sykes led the Federal vanguard along the Orange Turnpike and organized the careful withdrawal after the opening clash on the First Day of Chancellorsville.
Next to Sykes' portrait:
Brigade commander Col. Sidney Burbank reported, "The brigade was accordingly withdrawn slowly in line of battle and in good order,
Map of the Withdrawal image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 24, 2008
3. Map of the Withdrawal
occasionally facing about and fronting the enemy, the wounded at the same time being carefully removed to the rear."


On the right a map details the Federal withdrawal. Even though Hooker had ordered Sykes to fall back, Confederate Gen. Lafayette McLaws attributed the retreat to the combined weight of the Confederate attack.
 
Also see . . .
1. First Day at Chancellorsville. An animated map of the first day's battle from Civil War Preservation Trust. Also links to several excellent resources about the battle. The action described on this marker is roughly starts at the 3:15 a.m. mark on the animation's time line. (Submitted on September 13, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Battle of Chancellorsville. National Park Service page about the battle. (Submitted on September 13, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The <i>Retreat Over Mott's Run</i> Wayside image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 24, 2008
4. The Retreat Over Mott's Run Wayside
Mott's Run image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 24, 2008
5. Mott's Run
The Federal withdrawal passed over the creek here and continued to the west. The order of march was O'Rorke's Brigade, followed by Ayres' Brigade, with Burbank's bringing up the rear.
Rodes' Division on the Federal Right Flank image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 24, 2008
6. Rodes' Division on the Federal Right Flank
Rodes' Division, with Colquitt's, Doles's and Iverson's Brigades on line, approached from south of the Orange Turnpike. This pressured Sykes' Federals to quicken their withdrawal.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,328 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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