“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Leesburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)


Civil War Comes to Oatlands

Oatlands Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 15, 2007
1. Oatlands Marker
Inscription. The Civil War arrived in Loudoun County on October 21, 1861, with the Battle of Ball’s Bluff. As Confederate forces gathered to protect Leesburg, Elizabeth Grayson Carter, the widowed mistress of Oatlands, wrote in her journal on October 17, “Our troops falling back on Centerville - Mississippi Regt’s encamped at the Mill – Solders here all day.”

Elizabeth’s son Benjamin served with the 8th Virginia Infantry Regiment, while her son George acted as a courier. On the day of the battle, she wrote, “A day of excitement – Ben came home at night wounded in the little finger. Wonderful escape – Terrible Battle near Leesburg – great victory for us tho’ our loss is great.”

Anticipating another Union attack, Confederate Gen. Nathan “Shanks” Evans withdrew his exhausted troops to Carter’s Mill on Goose Creek and told Mrs. Carter he intended to make Oatlands his headquarters. Before leaving for the safety of her family home in Upperville on October 23, she wrote: “Servants cooked all day for this last detachment of prisoners. 131 prisoners passed. We left O[tlands] for Bellefield. Troops collecting in the field beyond the creek. 2 new Regiments and part of the Washington Artillery arrived. General Evans and Staff made O. Headquaters.”

Entrance to Oatlands image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 15, 2007
2. Entrance to Oatlands
Carter remained at her Upperville residence until her death in 1885. Oatlands served throughout the war as a haven for family, friends, and soldiers, including Eppa Hunton, Norborne Berkeley, Baron Von Massow, and Mosby’s Rangers.
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 2.526′ N, 77° 37.131′ W. Marker is in Leesburg, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker can be reached from Oatlands Plantation Lane. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 20850 Oatlands Plantation Lane, Leesburg VA 20175, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Carriage House (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Oatlands (approx. 0.3 miles away); Saving the Declaration of Independence / The War of 1812 (approx. 3.5 miles away); America's Oldest Agriculture College (approx. 4.2 miles away); Battle of Aldie (approx. 4.2 miles away); Snickersville Turnpike (approx. 4.5 miles away); Mother of Stonewall Jackson (approx. 4.6 miles away); President Monroe’s Home (approx. 4.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Leesburg.
More about this marker.
Oatlands Grounds image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, February 3, 2007
3. Oatlands Grounds
View of Oatlands Grounds from US 15. Confederate forces camped on these grounds during the lead up to the Battle of Ball's Bluff. Later Oatlands was used by forces marching through the area on the Antietam and Gettysburg campaigns. Col. John Mosby's irregular cavalry forces often used Oatlands as a rest station.
The marker is in the parking lot for Oatlands Historic Home and Gardens, operated by the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Oatlands is roughly four miles South of Leesburg on US 15.
Also see . . .  Oatlands Historic House and Gardens. (Submitted on June 16, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Additional keywords. Mosby Heritage Area, Virginia Civil War Trails.
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,562 times since then and 79 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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