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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Mojave in Kern County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

Mojave 20-Mule Team Borax Terminus

 
 
Mojave 20-Mule Team Borax Terminus Marker image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, March 15, 2006
1. Mojave 20-Mule Team Borax Terminus Marker
Inscription. Just west of this point was the Southern Pacific terminus for the 20-mule-team borax wagons that operated between Death Valley and Mojave from 1884 to 1889. The route ran from the Harmony Borax Mining Company works, later acquired by the Pacific Coast Borax Company, to the railroad loading dock in Mojave over 165 miles of mountain and desert trail. A round trip required 20 days. The ore wagons, which hauled a payload of 24 tons, were designed by J. W. S. Perry, Borax Company superintendent in Death Valley, and built in Mojave at a cost of $900 each. New borax discoveries near Barstow ended the Mojave shipments in 1889.
 
Erected 1958 by The California State Parks Commission in cooperation with the Kern County Historical Society, El Tejon Parlor No.239, Native Daughters of the Golden West and Kern County Museum. October 19, 1958. (Marker Number 652.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the California Historical Landmarks, and the Native Sons/Daughters of the Golden West marker series.
 
Location. 35° 3.406′ N, 118° 10.515′ W. Marker is in Mojave, California, in Kern County. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 16246 Sierra Hwy (Hwy 14), Mojave CA 93501, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are
Mojave 20-Mule Team Borax Terminus Marker image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, March 15, 2006
2. Mojave 20-Mule Team Borax Terminus Marker
within 14 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Golden Queen Mine Cart (approx. one mile away); Voyager Aircraft / SpaceShipOne Replica (approx. one mile away); Mojave Air & Spaceport (approx. one mile away); United States Marine Corps Air Station (approx. one mile away); Rotary Rocket Roton ATV (approx. one mile away); Why Tehachapi Pass? / Pioneers of the Wind / Hike A Mile or Two - Thousand (approx. 10.3 miles away); Tomo-Kahni (approx. 11.4 miles away); Willow Springs (approx. 14.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Mojave.
 
Regarding Mojave 20-Mule Team Borax Terminus. This site has been designated a California Registered Historical Landmark (No.652)
 
Also see . . .
1. Santa Clarita Valley History: Borax – The 20-Mule Team. (Submitted on September 29, 2008, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.)
2. Desert USA: Borax and the 20-Mule Team. (Submitted on September 29, 2008, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.)
3. Death Valley National Park History of Harmony Borax Mining Co.. (Submitted on September 29, 2008, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.)
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceLandmarksNatural ResourcesNotable EventsNotable PlacesRoads & VehiclesSettlements & Settlers
 
Mojave 20-Mule Team Borax Terminus State Landmark Directional Sign image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, March 15, 2006
3. Mojave 20-Mule Team Borax Terminus State Landmark Directional Sign
Vintage Postcard - Typical Twenty Mule Team Outfit image. Click for full size.
Death Valley Natural History Assoc-Decker Press, Inc. Photo by Warren Hill
4. Vintage Postcard - Typical Twenty Mule Team Outfit
During the 1880's, the twenty mule teams hauled borax from the refinery at Harmony Borax Works to the railroad at Mohave, California, 165 miles away. The twenty mule teams hauled loads of 36 1/2 tons and made the trip to Mojave in 10 days, maintaining almost timetable precision. The triumph of the twenty mule teams over the harsh desert was tremendous, but brief. In 1888 the great wagons and the twenty mule teams made their last trip out of Death Valley.
Vintage Postcard - Old Harmony Borax Mill-Death Valley, California image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle
5. Vintage Postcard - Old Harmony Borax Mill-Death Valley, California
The ruins of the old mill, a few miles north of the Furnace Creek Ranch, which was in operation from 1883 to 1987. A 20 mult-team could haul 46,000 pounds of borax and its own water and hay on the arduous ten day, 165 mile trip to Mojave via Wingate Pass. Truly one of the great legends of the West
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California. This page has been viewed 3,608 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.   3. submitted on , by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.   4, 5. submitted on , by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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