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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Macon's Battery - Dearing's Battalion

Pickett's Division - Longstreet's Corps

 

—Army of Northern Virginia —

 
Dearing's Battalion - Macon's Battery Tablet image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 17, 2008
1. Dearing's Battalion - Macon's Battery Tablet
Inscription.
Army of Northern Virginia
Longstreet's Corps Pickett's Division
Dearing's Battalion Macon's Battery
The Richmond Fayette Artillery

Two Napoleons and Two 10 pounder Parrotts

July 3 Advanced to the front about daybreak. Later in the morning took position on the ridge west of the Emmitsburg road and near the Rogers House but remained inactive until the signal guns were fired some time after noon. Moved forward then to the crest of the hill and took a prominent part in the cannonade. Ammunition was exhausted while Longstreet's column was advancing the last rounds being fired at the Union infantry assailing his right flank. Efforts to procure a fresh supply of ammunition proving unsuccessful the Battery was withdrawn.

July 4 In line of battle all day with the left wing of McLaws's Division. Marched at sunset to Black Horse Tavern.

Losses not reported in detail.
 
Erected 1910 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
 
Location. 39° 48.318′ N, 77° 15.366′ W. Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is at the intersection of West Confederate Avenue and Amphitheater Road, on the left when traveling south on West Confederate Avenue. Click for map
Dearing's Battalion - Macon's Battery Tablet image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 17, 2008
2. Dearing's Battalion - Macon's Battery Tablet
A platform for an artillery display is next to the tablet. The battery's position was much farther to the east, near the Emmitsburg Road. At the time of the park creation (and tablet placement) the battery location was not owned by the park or within the allowed easement. The red barn in the background is Sherfy's. Dearing's Battalion deployed to the north of that barn.
. Located on Seminary Ridge, in front of the Pitzer's Woods section, in Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Dearing's Battalion (a few steps from this marker); Lieutenant General James Longstreet (within shouting distance of this marker); Caskie's Battery - Dearing's Battalion - (within shouting distance of this marker); Blount's Battery - Dearing's Battalion (within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing); Stribling's Battery - Dearing's Battalion (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Norcom's Battery - Eshleman's Battalion (about 500 feet away); Patterson's Battery - Lane's Battalion (about 600 feet away); Richardson's Battery - Eshleman's Battalion (about 700 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
Also see . . .  The Great Cannonade. The Confederate bombardment of the Federal lines, preparing for Longstreet's Assault on July 3, was among the largest artillery barrages ever in the western hemisphere. (Submitted on October 4, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Additional comments.
1. Lt. William Izard Clopton of Macon's Battery writing of July 3, 1863
After taking this position and driving off the skirmishers, Lt. William Izard Clopton of Macon's Battery (Richmond Fayette Artillery) recalled, "Herw we lay until one o'clock, such terrible suspense I never endured."

When the artillery barrage commenced, Clopton further noted that "The very earth seemed to be rolling and tossing under us and the heavens shook above us... shot and shell screamed and bursted over and around us."

It was just as the ammunition supply started to run out that the Federal batteries disappear from the opposite ridge. At 3:10 p.m. Pickett's men started the advance toward Emmitsburg Road. As they passed through and by the battalion, the artillerists raised a cheer for their brave and noble comrades. Clopton remembered:

"Pickett's Division emerged from the woods behind us five thousand strong.... in a solid line of battle - they passed us and charged straight across the valley in our front which was the valley of the shadow of death for them. The batteries of the enemy now turned on them and how the poor fellows fell but on they rushed and carried the works. They were not supported. The enemy fell upon them by Divisions, overwhelming them. The Division was literally crushed. It was a horrid sight. I hope my eyes will never witness such a scene again...."

From pp. 78-79, The Richmond Fayette, Hampden, Thomas, and Blount's Lynchburg Artillery (H.E. Howard, Inc., 1991), by Robert H. Moore, II. Clopton's letters originally sourced to the John Clopton Papers, Duke University.
    — Submitted March 22, 2009, by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia.

2. Casualties for Macon's Battery during the Gettysburg Campaign
Three killed; three wounded; seven captured; none missing in action; eight horses lost.
    — Submitted March 22, 2009, by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia.

 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 733 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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