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Near Grove Hill in Page County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Burning of Red Bridge
The "Last Straw" Between Jackson and Ashby

— 1862 Valley Campaign —
 
The Burning of Red Bridge Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, October 4, 2008
1. The Burning of Red Bridge Marker
 
Inscription. Nearly a month after the battle of Kernstown, Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's command had worked its way south "up" the Valley to join Gen. Richard S. Ewell's division near Conrad's Store (Elkton). To secure this haven for reorganization, on April 19, 1862, Jackson dispatched his mapmaker Jedediah Hotchkiss, to burn the three bridges over the South Fork of the Shenandoah River in Page County.

From the onset, Hotchkiss' chore was plagued with problems. In addition to heavy rains, a number of the 150 cavalrymen that Hotchkiss had joined for the assignment at Shenandoah Iron Works were under the influence of the spiritous liquor "apple-jack." In the end, the Red Bridge was the only one to be burned while the destruction of Columbia and White House bridges was thwarted by the combination of apple-jack and Federal resistance.

Already angered by the overall lack of discipline in his cavalry, on April 24, Jackson reassigned the Valley cavalry to two of the army's infantry brigade commanders. Infuriated, the cavalry commander Col. Turner Ashby submitted his resignation and immediately caused a rift in Jackson's command. In the end, Jackson, as one staff member wrote, backed "square down." Jackson could not afford the loss of a leader that was so popular among the men and effective in battle, especially on the verge of a major
 
The Burning of Red Bridge Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Robert H. Moore, II
2. The Burning of Red Bridge Marker
 
campaign.

(Sidebar): Hotchkiss had pre-war ties to Page County, having taught several children of the Forrer family and others at Mossy Creek Academy in Augusta County. One former student commanded the companies during the bridge burning expedition and left Hotchkiss to write: "I am sorry, truly sorry, that Macon Jordon was in such a condition yesterday. I do not know what may become of [it] to him..."
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 31.627′ N, 78° 35.694′ W. Marker is near Grove Hill, Virginia, in Page County. Marker is at the intersection of Grove Hill River Road (County Route 650) and Crooked Run Road (County Route 603), on the right when traveling west on Grove Hill River Road. Click for map. Located at the Grove Hill Public Boat Landing on the South Fork of the Shenandoah River. Marker is in this post office area: Shenandoah VA 22849, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Somerville Heights (here, next to this marker); Execution of Summers and Koontz (approx. 2.5 miles away); Catherine Furnace (approx. 3 miles away); The Stevens Cottage 1890 (approx. 3.2 miles away); Shenandoah Iron Works (approx. 3.3 miles away); Shield's Advance & Retreat (approx. 4.4 miles away); History of Verbena (approx. 4.4 miles away); Graves’ Chapel (approx. 6.7 miles away).
 
Campaign Map and Hotchkiss Sidebar Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, October 4, 2008
3. Campaign Map and Hotchkiss Sidebar
 

 
More about this marker. In the lower left of the marker is a portrait of Col. Turner Ashby. On the right is a campaign map of the Shenandoah Valley with Civil War Trails stops indicated by red stars. A portrait of Hotchkiss is inside the sidebar on the lower right.
 
Regarding The Burning of Red Bridge. This marker is one of several detailing Civil War activities in Page County, Virginia. Please see the Page County Civil War Markers link below.
 
Also see . . .
1. Page County Civil War Markers. (Submitted on February 25, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Avenue of Armies: Civil War Sites and Stories of Luray and Page County, Virginia. (Submitted on March 20, 2009, by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia.)
 
Markers at the Grove Hill Public Boat Landing Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, October 4, 2008
4. Markers at the Grove Hill Public Boat Landing
On the left is The Burning of Red Bridge and on the right is Somerville Heights.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on October 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,700 times since then. Photos:   1. submitted on October 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on January 13, 2009, by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia.   3, 4. submitted on October 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
 
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