Leesburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
On September 2, 1862, 35 men of the Loudoun Rangers and 125 troopers of Coleís Maryland Cavalry occupied Leesburg, posting pickets on all roads into town. Arriving undetected, Munford ascertained that the Federals held the town and that the two forces were about equal. He quickly devised a plan, ordering half his men to descend on the town from the north while he led the other half into Leesburg from the east.
With his men in place, Munford charged down Edwards Ferry Road, surprising and scattering Federal pickets (a horse belonging to a Loudoun Ranger was killed as the courthouse was overrun). Fearful that citizens would aid the Confederates in any street battle, Cole retreated north along King Street to Mile Hill. Halting, Cole formed a line of battle on the west side of the road facing Leesburg. Munfordís troopers halted below them, forming amid wheat stacks on the east side of the road. Seeing the apparently small size of the Confederate striking force, Cole ordered a counterattack. At precisely this moment, Munfordís trap closed.
Munford lost two dead and six wounded. His men killed 11, wounded about 20 and captured 47 Federals. (The Loudoun Rangers suffered one dead, six wounded, and seven captured.) Two days later, Robert E. Leeís Army of Northern Virginia began entering Leesburg on its way to Maryland. That campaign ended with the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862.
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 8.762′ N, 77° 33.499′ W. Marker is in Leesburg, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker is on Tutt Lane, on the left when traveling west. Click for map. Tutt Lane extends west of James Monroe Highway (US 15) North of Leesburg, just north of the intersection of Business 15 and Bypass 15. Marker is in this post office area: Leesburg VA 20176, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as 1862 Antietam Campaign (here, next to this marker); Goose Creek Chapel (approx. 0.7 miles away); Morven Park (approx. 0.7 miles away); Swann's Castle (approx. 0.9 miles away); Sharpsburg (Antietam) Campaign (approx. one mile away); Battle of Ball's Bluff (approx. 1.6 miles away); Charles Fenton Mercer (approx. 1.7 miles away); Jeniferís Cavalry (approx. 1.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Leesburg.
More about this marker. The marker is located on the grounds of Morven Park. The marker has a picture of Capt. Samuel Means, “a miller from nearby Waterford, raised a company of pro-union men to act as Federal scouts.” A picture of Col. Thomas Munford, courtesy of Lynchburg Museum System is also displayed. A map depicts the action that occurred in the fields north of town.
Also see . . . Battle of Mile Hille (Wickipedia). (Submitted on June 21, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,127 times since then and 40 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.