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Port Wentworth in Chatham County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Battle Between Confederate Gunboats and Union Field Artillery

(December 12, 1864)

 
 
Battle Between Confederate Gunboats and Union Field Artillery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, October 5, 2008
1. Battle Between Confederate Gunboats and Union Field Artillery Marker
Inscription. In December, 1864, was fought on the Savannah River near here one of the few battles in which Confederate gunboats and Union field artillery were engaged against each other.

Colerain Plantation, as these lands were then known, had been occupied on December 10, 1864, by units of Sherman`s army. Anticipating an attempt by a Confederate naval flotilla, which had been engaged in protecting a railroad bridge further upstream, to return to Savannah, Captain C. E. Winegar's battery was posted on a bluff about one mile East of this marker.

Early on the morning of December 12, 1864, the CSS Sampson and Macon and their tender, the Resolute, attempted to run past the Federal battery. There a "terrific fire" from both sides, according to John Thomas Scharf, a midshipman on the Sampson who later became a well-known historian of the Confederate States Navy. The gunboats were struck several times.

Unable to get past the battery, the vessels turned about. In doing so the Resolute collided with the gunboats and drifted helplessly upon Argyle Island where she was captured by troops of the 3rd Wisconsin Regiment. With the aid of barrels of bacon thrown in their furnaces, the two gunboats were able to steam out of range. They escaped to Augusta.
 
Erected 1961 by Georgia Historical Commission
Battle Between Confederate Gunboats and Union Field Artillery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2008
2. Battle Between Confederate Gunboats and Union Field Artillery Marker
near Oxnard Dr,at the Savannah Sugar Refining Co ,along S. Coastal Highway (Ga-25)
. (Marker Number 025-79.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Georgia Historical Society/Commission, and the Shermans March to the Sea marker series.
 
Location. 32° 8.525′ N, 81° 9.426′ W. Marker is in Port Wentworth, Georgia, in Chatham County. Marker is on South Coastal Highway (State Highway 25) near Oxnard Drive, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located at the Savannah (Imperial) Sugar Refining Co. Marker is in this post office area: Port Wentworth GA 31407, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Indian Trading Post: Home of Mary Musgrove (here, next to this marker); Atlantic Coastal Highway Through Georgia (approx. 1.6 miles away); Laurel Hill Plantation (approx. 2.9 miles away in South Carolina); Plantation Cistern (approx. 3 miles away in South Carolina); Managing Water for Wildlife (approx. 3.2 miles away in South Carolina); Rice Field Trunk (approx. 3.2 miles away in South Carolina); Prescribed Burning (approx. 3.2 miles away in South Carolina); Washington's Southern Tour (approx. 3.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Port Wentworth.
 
More about this marker. The Riverfront and immediate area, all owned by the Sugar Company, is an access restricted area
 
Also see . . .
Battle Between Confederate Gunboats and Union Field Artillery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2008
3. Battle Between Confederate Gunboats and Union Field Artillery Marker
Beyond the trees, todays Sugar Company and the Savannah River, once the Colerain Plantation, and the Mary Musgrove Indian Trading Post ( see nearby marker )

1. Famous Americans, John Thomas Scharf ( as mentioned on marker). he joined a Confederate battery, was engaged in the battles around Richmond in 1862, was wounded at Cedar Mountain, at the second battle of Bull Run, and again at Chancellorsville, and on 20 June, 1863, was appointed a midshipman in the Confederate navy. In January, 1864, he took part in the capture of the steamer "Underwriter," near New Berne, North Carolina (Submitted on October 18, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

2. CSS Resolute. in company with Sampson and Savannah, under Flag Officer Tattnall, weighed anchor from under the guns of Fort Pulaski, S.C., and made a brief attack on Union vessels at the mouth of the Savannah River. On January 28, 1862, accompanied by Sampson and Savannah, she delivered supplies to the fort despite the spirited opposition of Federal ships. (Submitted on October 18, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

3. The Rebellion Record; 1864-1865, By Frank Moore, pages 87-88. Colerain Plantation excerpt (Submitted on October 18, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Duplicate Battle Between Confederate Gunboats and Union Field Artillery Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Seibert, August 15, 2005
4. Duplicate Battle Between Confederate Gunboats and Union Field Artillery Marker
This is duplicate marker, which stands (stood) near the guardhouse at the end of the road leading to the Imperial Sugar Refinery, formerly the Dixie Crystals refinery. The refinery exploded on February 7, 2008. The buildings were extensively damaged, and 14 people were killed. The area where this marker stands is no longer accessible.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 2,276 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   4. submitted on , by David Seibert of Sandy Springs, Georgia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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