“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Oliver in Screven County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)

The Confederate Line

at Ogeechee Church, No. 4 ½, CRR

The Confederate Line at Ogeechee Church Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2008
1. The Confederate Line at Ogeechee Church Marker
Inscription. On Nov. 28, 1864, Maj. Gen. H.C. Wayne, Adj. Gen. of Georgia, with a small force (CS) composed of the Corps of Cadets, Georgia Military Institute, Warthen`s Washington County militia company and Pruden`s battery, fell back from Millen and entrenched a line through this site to block the passage of the Little Ogeechee River by the 17th Corps of Gen. Sherman's Army (US) which was advancing toward Savannah, destroying the railroad as it advanced.

On Dec. 3rd, Wayne was reinforced by the 1st and 2nd Georgia State Line, Toomb's Brigade, Georgia Militia, and Baker's North Carolina brigade. On the 4th, Anderson's and Phillips' brigades, Georgia Militia, arrived, giving Wayne a force of 4,000 infantry. Preparations to fight at the Little Ogeechee continued and, late on the 4th, skirmishing began between the advance guard, 17th Corps, and the G.M.I. cadets. Wayne was confident that he could hold this line until he learned that the 15th Corps (US) was preparing to cross the Great Ogeechee River behind his left and that the 20th Corps (US) was approaching his right. To escape encirclement, he extricated his command in the night.

On the 5th, Maj. Gen. W.T. Sherman, USA, reached the Ogeechee Church (Oliver) and established headquarters in the home of Mr. Matthew Lufburrow, east of the depot, where he remained for two days to coordinate
The Confederate Line at Ogeechee Church Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2008
2. The Confederate Line at Ogeechee Church Marker
the movement of his four large columns.
Erected 1958 by Georgia Historical Commission. (Marker Number 124-23B.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Georgia Historical Society/Commission, and the Shermans March to the Sea marker series.
Location. 32° 31.331′ N, 81° 32.051′ W. Marker is in Oliver, Georgia, in Screven County. Marker is at the intersection of Effingham Hwy (State Highway 17) and Oliver Highway (State Highway 24), on the right when traveling south on Effingham Hwy. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Oliver GA 30449, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. British Headquarters (approx. 5 miles away); North Newington Baptist Church (approx. 6.1 miles away); Sherman's Advance (approx. 7.5 miles away); Middle Ground Baptist Church (approx. 8.2 miles away); The March to the Sea (approx. 11 miles away); Cooperville (approx. 11 miles away); Louisville Road (approx. 11 miles away); Old Savannah Road (approx. 11.1 miles away).
Also see . . .  The March to the sea. By the Georgia Historical Commission, page 7 At this stage of the campaign the 20th Corps was about nine miles southeast of Sylvania; the 14th Corps (the extreme left) was marching on the old Savannah road near the Savannah River; the 17th Corps on the old Louisville road near the Central Railroad; the 15th Corps (the extreme right) on the old Milledgeville road, across the Ogeechee River. (Submitted on October 29, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,178 times since then and 37 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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