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New Market in Shenandoah County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Baptism of Fire

VMI Cadet Casualties in the Battle of New Market

 
 
Baptism of Fire Marker image. Click for full size.
February 2, 2007
1. Baptism of Fire Marker
Inscription. While the cadets of the Virginia Military Institute comprised one of the smallest Confederate units engaged in the Battle of New Market, they paid a disproportionately high price in their baptism of fire. Nearly one in four of the cadets were either killed or wounded during the fighting, resulting in the third-highest casualty rate in Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge’s army.

In addition to 45 cadets who would survive their wounds, ten cadets were either killed outright or would die after the battle ended. Even before the cadets were ordered into the battle line, a single artillery shell took the lives of Cadets William Cabell, Charles Crockett, and Henry Jones.

William Hugh McDowell was killed near the Bushong House, and Jacqueline “Bev” Stanard also died on the field. After saving another wounded cadet’s life by applying a tourniquet during the battle, Thomas G. Jefferson was struck in the body and succumbed in the Clinedinst home in New Market on May 18, consoled by Eliza Clinedinst and Cadet Moses Ezekiel.

Joseph Wheelwright, who was wounded around the same time as Cabell, Crockett, and Jones, died on June 2 at the home of a doctor in Harrisonburg. Luther Haynes also lingered, dying of his wounds in Richmond on June 15. On June 26, Alva Hartsfield suffered a fatal collapse brought on by his wounds in
Map Showing Where Cadets Fell image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 10, 2010
2. Map Showing Where Cadets Fell
Approximate locations of fatal wounds to VMI cadets indicated with red numbers.
Petersburg.

Samuel Atwill, though slightly wounded in the calf, died of lockjaw on July 20, the last fatal casualty of the Battle of New Market.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails and Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation.
 
Location. 38° 39.706′ N, 78° 40.212′ W. Marker is in New Market, Virginia, in Shenandoah County. Marker can be reached from George Collin Parkway (County Route 305), on the right when traveling south. Click for map. The marker is located at the New Market Battlefield State Historical Park. Take Exit 264 off I-81 onto Rt. 211 West. Take immediate right onto Rt. 305 (George Collins Parkway). Continue one mile until you see the circular, distinctive Hall of Valor. A staff member will share park and ticketing information. Marker is in this post office area: New Market VA 22844, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. New Market Battlefield Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Died on the Field of Honor..." (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bushong Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away); “Good-bye, Lieutenant, I am killed.” (approx. 0.2 miles away); This Rustic Pile
Marker with Bushong Farm in Background image. Click for full size.
February 2, 2007
3. Marker with Bushong Farm in Background
(approx. 0.2 miles away); Heroism in Defeat (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Battle of New Market (approx. 0.4 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of New Market (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in New Market.
 
More about this marker. The marker features portraits of Cadets William Cabell, William McDowell, Samuel Atwill, Thomas Jefferson and Jack Stanard. On the right side of the marker is a map of the battlefield indicating Approximate Locations of Fatal Wounds to VMI Cadets.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of New Market. Online resources from the Virginia Military Institute. (Submitted on January 22, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. The Battle of New Market. Resource page with official reports and accounts of the battle. (Submitted on January 22, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
View Acoss the Field Toward the Bushong Farm image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 10, 2010
4. View Acoss the Field Toward the Bushong Farm
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on . This page has been viewed 1,297 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on .   2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3. submitted on .   4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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