“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Circleville in Pickaway County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Caleb Atwater

Caleb Atwater Marker </b>(front) image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 31, 2008
1. Caleb Atwater Marker (front)
Inscription. [Marker Front]:
Born in North Adams, Massachusetts on December 23, 1778, Caleb Atwater graduated from Williams College in 1804. He moved to Circleville in about 1814 where he organized the city's first school board and served as postmaster and prosecuting attorney. His life and work as a teacher, minister, lawyer, legislator, and scholar greatly influenced early 19th-century Ohio. Upon arriving in Circleville, he became interested in local history and the nearby earthworks and in 1820 published his book Descriptions of the Antiquities Discovered in the State of Ohio and Other Western States, the first compilation of prehistoric remains in the Ohio and Mississippi valleys. Elected to the Ohio State Legislature in 1821, Atwater fervently supported canal construction. He also chaired Ohio's first board of school commissioners and was instrumental in passage of Ohio's Public School Law. For this, he has been called the “Father of Ohio's Common Schools.”

[Marker Reverse]:
The many writings of Caleb Atwater reveal that he was a man ahead of his time and with far reaching views. As one of three commissioners appointed by President Andrew Jackson in 1829 to negotiate a treaty with tribes at Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, Atwater wrote a volume that gave a more insightful and fairer view of Native
Caleb Atwater Marker </b>(reverse) image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 31, 2008
2. Caleb Atwater Marker (reverse)
Americans than most writers of his time. In 1838, he published his History of Ohio, which provided early thoughts on conservation and ecology. Three years later, he wrote “An Essay on Education,” which presented advanced views on music and education for women, pay standards for teachers, and equal education for men and women. Atwater's writings on geology, meteorology, archaeology, and history formed a catalyst in the scholarly ferment of the Ohio Valley, and scholars today are still intrigued by this eccentric and fascinating visionary.
Erected 2003 by Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, Roundtown Conservancy, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 9-65.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
Location. 39° 36.171′ N, 82° 56.689′ W. Marker is in Circleville, Ohio, in Pickaway County. Marker is at the intersection of Court Street (Ohio Route 188) and Pinckney Street, on the right when traveling south on Court Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Circleville OH 43113, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Napoleon 12-Pounder (approx. 0.2 miles away); War Savings Quota
Caleb Atwater Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 31, 2008
3. Caleb Atwater Marker
Looking South along Court Street.
(approx. 0.2 miles away); Zieger House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Our Safety Forces (approx. 0.2 miles away); Memorial Hall (approx. 0.2 miles away); Prehistoric Circular Earthworks / The Squaring of Circleville (approx. 0.2 miles away); Pickaway County Vietnam Veterans Memorial (approx. mile away); The Underground Railroad / The Underground Railroad in Pickaway County (approx. mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Circleville.
Also see . . .  A Biography of the Anthropologist Caleb Atwater. A product of the Ohio Historical Society. (Submitted on November 3, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.) 
Categories. Arts, Letters, MusicEducationGovernmentNative AmericansNotable Persons
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 1,271 times since then and 64 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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