“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Albany in Albany County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Glenn Curtiss Flight

Glenn Curtiss Flight Marker - Albany, New York image. Click for full size.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, July 15, 2008
1. Glenn Curtiss Flight Marker - Albany, New York
From This Ground
Glenn Curtiss
Began The First Long
Distance Airplane Flight
Albany To New York
May 29, 1910.

Erected 1940 by New York State Education Department.
Location. 42° 37.567′ N, 73° 45.47′ W. Marker is in Albany, New York, in Albany County. Marker is on Smith Boulevard, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is mounted on the lawn of the Port of Albany Administration Building, 106 Smith Boulevard. Marker is at or near this postal address: 106 Smith Boulevard, Albany NY 12202, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Trade Partners Along the Hudson (approx. 0.7 miles away); Fort Crailo (approx. 0.8 miles away); Gen. Henry Knox Trail (approx. 0.8 miles away); Schuyler Mansion (approx. 1.1 miles away); a different marker also named Schuyler Mansion (approx. 1.1 miles away); a different marker also named Schuyler Mansion (approx. 1.1 miles away); a different marker also named Fort Crailo (approx. 1.1 miles away); U.S.S. Slater (approx. 1.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Albany.
Regarding Glenn Curtiss Flight.
Glenn Curtiss Flight Marker - Port of Albany image. Click for full size.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, July 15, 2008
2. Glenn Curtiss Flight Marker - Port of Albany
The Marker is in the shadows of the trees on the front lawn of the Port of Albany Administration Building. The onboard cranes of a ship docked on the Hudson River at the port can be see in the background.
Glenn Hammond Curtiss (21 May 1878 – 23 July 1930) was an aviation pioneer and founder of the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company (now part of Curtiss-Wright Corporation) and is considered "The Father of Naval Aviation." During World War I, the Curtiss Airplane and Motor Company was the largest aircraft manufacturer in the world, producing more than 10,000 aircraft (the equivalent of over 100 per day).

Curtiss was born 1878 in Hammondsport, New York near Keuka Lake, one of the Finger Lakes in upstate New York, where his insatiable curiosity, mechanical ability and ambition soon became evident. By the time he reached his teens, bicycles and speed had become a near-obsession with the young Curtiss. He was a champion bicycle racer for years and naturally progressed to designing and building his own machines. In 1903 he set a world speed record by averaging 64 mph for one mile, and in 1907 he set a new world record of 136.36 mph, on a 40-hp V8 powered motorcycle of his own design, which interestingly, lacked any brakes. At this time he was America's number one maker of high-performance motorcycles, and for many years Glenn Curtiss carried the title, "Fastest Man on Earth".

From high speed motorcycles his interests grew towards aviation after Thomas Baldwin, a showman and entrepreneur, who at the beginning of the 1900's specialized in balloon ascents and parachute
Glenn Curtiss Flight Marker image. Click for full size.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, October 17, 2008
3. Glenn Curtiss Flight Marker
The marker is to the left of the car parked near the center of the photo.
descents. Baldwin adapted one of Curtiss' lightweight and powerful V-Twin motorcycle engines to what we would call it a blimp, creating the first successful dirigible in the United States.

On July 4th, 1908 Curtiss, who had been collaborating with Dr. Alexander Graham Bell and others in an effort to develop a power-driven airplane made a demonstration flight in Hammondsport under the auspices of the Aero Club of America, with the public, press, and accredited aeronautical experts present. Curtiss flew his boxkite-like airplane contraption named the June Bug a distance of almost a mile, swooping over vineyard stakes and barbed wire fences, 15 to 20 feet off the ground and landing in an open field. This flight won him the Scientific American trophy for the first public flight in America of one kilometer. Records show that because of this flight, he later received from the Aero Club of America, pilotís license No.1, the first pilotís license granted in this country on June 8th 1911 (the Wrights were Nos. 4 and 5).

"The Hawk of the Skies" - Albany to New York Flight:

New York World publisher Joseph Pulitzer had issued an open challenge by offering a $10,000 prize for the first successful flight between Albany and New York City which fueled a great deal of hype about the flight. In the spring of 1910 Curtiss accepted that challenge.
Glenn Hammond Curtiss image. Click for full size.
Library of Congress
4. Glenn Hammond Curtiss
He rented a patch of land on Van Rensselaer Island near the Port of Albany for $5.00 to use as his takeoff area. Curtiss carried a handwritten note from Albany Mayor James Briggs McEwan to the mayor of New York City, William Jay Gaynor, allowing Curtiss to lay claim to delivering the first airmail in the country. Popular accounts of the day had dubbed the Curtiss biplane the Albany Flyer, but Curtiss called it the Hudson Flier. The plane was an early "pusher" design that was powered by a 50-hoursepower eight-cylinder engine turning a rear-mounted prop. It resembled a motorized box kite, with the elevator assembly in front, a narrow seat, a bar for a footrest and a simple steering wheel. For the historic flight, Curtiss wore a heavy sweater, goggles, rubber boots and a life preserver. The plane had sealed metal fuel tanks and five inflated bags for flotation in case he had to ditch the aircraft into the Hudson River. A watery forced landing befell airmen who attempted the feat during the Hudson-Fulton celebration of 1909. The New York Times chartered a New York Central train in Albany for an exclusive group of dignitaries, reporters and photographers who closely followed Curtiss on his flight down the Hudson River. During the flight Curtiss cruised at an average speed of 54 miles per hour and at an average altitude of 700 feet. He landed at a makeshift landing strip in Poughkeepsie
Curtiss Landing at Governor's Island image. Click for full size.
Collection of Steve Doherty
5. Curtiss Landing at Governor's Island
"Curtiss Landing at Governor's Island - Winning the World's $10,000 prize. May 29, 1910". Detail from a "Supplement to The World" newspaper.
to refill his plane's 10-gallon fuel tank. Later the plane's engine developed a serious oil leak so Curtiss set down on the broad lawn of a wealthy family's estate near Columbia University. He topped off the oil and gas, took off again, spun a victory lap around the Statue of Liberty, and landed at Governors Island before a cheering crowd. He had shattered the nation's flight endurance record of 24 miles and collected a payday that allowed Curtiss to keep his struggling airplane company afloat. It was a national event and a huge story that firmly established Curtiss as an American aviation pioneer. Afterwards Curtis was often referred to as "The Hawk of the Skies" in newspaper accounts.

In 1930 Glenn Hammond Curtiss was presented the Congressional Medal of Honor. In an anniversary flight he retraced his Albany to New York route of twenty years before. He passed away on July 23, 1930, in Buffalo, New York, from complications after appendix surgery, and was buried in Pleasant Valley Cemetery in Hammondsport, New York, leaving behind a legacy for the benefit of the entire aviation community. He was inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1964, the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America in 1990, and the Motorcycle Hall of Fame in 1998.

An engineer, pilot, and aviation buff from Rotterdam, New York, Steve Doherty, is designing a reproduction of the Curtiss
The Hudson Flier To Fly Again image. Click for full size.
By Robert Juncosa, 2007
6. The Hudson Flier To Fly Again
This is an engineering model of the Curtiss "Hudson Flier". The drawing was created by engineer Robert Juncosa in his efforts to build a reproduction aircraft to be used to recreate the historic 1910 Curtis Flight.
"Hudson Flier" in the hopes of re-enacting the historic Glenn Curtiss flight from the Port of Albany to New York City on the 100th anniversary of the record-breaking endurance flight which took place in 1910. Doherty was inspired to recreate the Curtiss flight after reading a biography, "Glenn Curtiss: Pioneer of Flight", published in 1972 by Doubleday & Co. Doherty is working with the staff and volunteers of the Glenn H. Curtiss Museum in Hammondsport, New York to create a reproduction of the Hudson Flier using a vintage engine from the museum collection. Between trips from Rotterdam to Hammondsport to work on the reproduction plane Doherty has found time to help polish the Curtiss image with friends by stripping and repainting the weathered metal New York State historic marker dedicated to the historic 1910 Curtiss flight.
Also see . . .  Glenn H. Curtiss Museum Hammondsport, New York. Dedicated to the memory of pioneer aviator, Glenn Curtiss, the museum contains a priceless collection relating to early aviation and local history. (Submitted on November 3, 2008, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.) 
Additional keywords. Glenn Curtis Aviation Hammondsport Motorcycle Speed record Aero Club Albany New York City Pulitzer McEwan Gaynor
Curtiss 1911 Model D image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 26, 2007
7. Curtiss 1911 Model D
One of Curtiss's first customers was the United States Army. The Army Signal Corps purchased its second aircraft from Curtiss (the first being a Wright flyer). The original was scrapped, but the U.S. Air Force Museum in Dayton Ohio built this reproduction to exacting standards using the original drawings.
biplane Hall of Fame

Categories. Air & Space
Glenn Curtiss Flight Marker Repainted image. Click for full size.
By Steve Doherty, circa 2007
8. Glenn Curtiss Flight Marker Repainted
Aviation enthusiast and Curtiss admirer Steve Doherty took the time to repaint the Glenn Curtiss Flight historic marker. These are his photos from 2007 showing the marker before, during, and after the new paint job. Nice Work, thanks Mr. Doherty.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. This page has been viewed 3,374 times since then and 146 times this year. Last updated on , by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.   7. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   8. submitted on , by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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