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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Union in Union County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Fairforest Meeting

 
 
Fairforest Meeting Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Sean Nix, November 7, 2008
1. Fairforest Meeting Marker
Inscription.
1.5 miles SW stood the original Fairforest Baptist Church. The members, led by the Reverend Philip Mulkey, came from North Carolina to Broad River about 1759. In 1762, the church moved to Fairforest where, as the first Baptist church in the up country, it established other churches. During the American Revolution, it was in a Tory controlled area.
 
Erected 1975 by Congregation of Lower Fairforest Baptist Church and S.C. Baptist Historical Society. (Marker Number 44-4.)
 
Location. 34° 41.01′ N, 81° 42.546′ W. Marker is near Union, South Carolina, in Union County. Marker is at the intersection of Cross Keys Highway (State Highway 49) and Police Club Road, on the left when traveling east on Cross Keys Highway. Click for map. Lower Fairforest Baptist Church is located at the intersecton of Cross Keys Highway and Lower Fairforest Church Road. Marker is in this post office area: Union SC 29379, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fair Forest Plantation / Emslie Nicholson House (approx. 1.2 miles away); Some Gave All (approx. 3.3 miles away); Padgett’s Creek Baptist Church (approx. 4.6 miles away); Cross Keys House
Original Fairforest Church Site & Cemetery image. Click for full size.
By Charles R. Robbins, Jr., March 6, 2011
2. Original Fairforest Church Site & Cemetery
(approx. 5.1 miles away); Union County Jail (approx. 5.2 miles away); Union Community Hospital (approx. 5.2 miles away); Union Mill (approx. 5.2 miles away); John Pratt (approx. 5.2 miles away); Union County Revolutionary War (approx. 5.3 miles away); Union County Confederate Monument (approx. 5.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Union.
 
Also see . . .
1. Rev. Philip Mulkey (1732-1801). Rootsweb posting on the life of Philip Mulkey. (Submitted on August 17, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

2. Grave of William Walker Marker. Marker located in Spartanburg, SC dedicated to the grave of William Walker, a member of Lower Fairforest Baptist Church. (Submitted on August 17, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

3. William Walker. William Walker (May 6, 1809 – September 24, 1875) was a Baptist song leader, shape note "singing master", and compiler of four shape note tunebooks. (Submitted on August 17, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
Additional comments.
Graves of James W. Darby & William Darby image. Click for full size.
By Charles R. Robbins, Jr., March 6, 2011
3. Graves of James W. Darby & William Darby
Located in the Old Fairforest Baptist Church Cemetery
1. About Philip Mulkey

Rev. Philip Mulkey was born May 14, 1732, near Halifax or Roanoke, NC. He was raised Anglican, but was baptized by Rev. Shubal Stearns around Dec. 25, 1756, after a remarkable conversion. Mulkey was called to the ministry in Stearns’s church in February and ordained in Oct. 1757. He served as pastor of Deep River Church, NC (1759 or 1760) when he came to Broad River, SC, and then removed to Fairforest in 1762. Mulkey preached throughout the surrounding parts in North and South Carolina.

During the Revolution, nothing is known of him except that he was probably a loyalist or carried non-resistance far. By his wife Ann Ellis he had David, Jonathan, Sarah, Philip, Martha; the last known ministerial service performed by him was as one of the presbytery constituting Cheraw Hill Church in 1782. He was excommunicated in 1790 and the churches warned against him for adultery, perfidy, and falsehood long continued in. In 1795, he was still engaged in the "Practice of Crimes and Enormities at which Humanity Shudders." Nothing further is known of him, but as his son, Jonathan Mulkey, appears in 1809 as a minister of Buffalo Ridge Church of Holston Assoc., TN, the family probably moved to that state. (Source: South Carolina Baptists by Leah Townsend, p. 125.)
    — Submitted March 9, 2009, by
Fairforest Meeting Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Sean Nix, November 7, 2008
4. Fairforest Meeting Marker
Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.

2. Backcountry Baptists
Backcountry Baptists, influenced by the Great Awakening before migrating to South Carolina, were not dependent upon an educated clergy. They believed in letting any man preach who was called by the Holy Spirit. They also developed an effective technique for ministering to the scattered settlements in the backcountry. Once a church was established, it became the mother church for the area. For example, the Fairforest Church on Fairforest Creek (Union County) under the leadership of the Reverend Philip Mulkey organized at least nine branches before the Revolution. By 1772 this ingenious organizational plan soon resulted in twenty-four organized churches and forty-nine meetinghouses, most of which were in the backcountry. (Source: South Carolina: A History by Walter B. Edgar, pg. 183.)
    — Submitted March 9, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.

 
Categories. Churches, Etc.Colonial Era
 
Lower Fairforest Baptist Church Sign image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, November 8, 2008
5. Lower Fairforest Baptist Church Sign
Lower Fairforest Baptist Church - Front (Southeast) Elevation image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, November 8, 2008
6. Lower Fairforest Baptist Church - Front (Southeast) Elevation
Lower Fairforest Baptist Church -<br>Entrance and Steeple Detail image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, November 8, 2008
7. Lower Fairforest Baptist Church -
Entrance and Steeple Detail
Lower Fairforest Baptist Church and Cemetery image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, November 8, 2008
8. Lower Fairforest Baptist Church and Cemetery
Lower Fairforest Baptist Church Cornerstone image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, November 8, 2008
9. Lower Fairforest Baptist Church Cornerstone
Lower Fairforest
Organized 1762

Oldest Baptist
Church in Upper
South Carolina
1962
Singing Billy Walker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, November 8, 2008
10. Singing Billy Walker
A Landmark of American Music
Singing Billy Walker
1809-1875
Author of "Southern Harmony"
A member of this church from 1810-1827

Presented by the National Music Council, Union County American Revolution Bicentennial Committee and Exxon.
Lower Fairforest Baptist Church Cemetery image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, November 8, 2008
11. Lower Fairforest Baptist Church Cemetery
Lower Fairforest Baptist Church Cemetery image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, November 8, 2008
12. Lower Fairforest Baptist Church Cemetery
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 2,093 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.   2, 3. submitted on , by Charles R. Robbins, Jr. of Rock Hill, South Carolina.   4. submitted on , by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.   5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. • Brian Scott was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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