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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Tybee Island in Chatham County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

History of Emancipation:

Gen. David Hunter and General Orders No. 7

 
 
History of Emancipation: Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2008
1. History of Emancipation: Marker
Inscription. On April 13, 1862, following the Union capture of Ft. Pulaski during the Civil War, Maj. Gen. David Hunter issued General Orders No. 7 freeing those enslaved at the fort and on Cockspur Island. Hunter, an abolitionist advocating the enlistment of black soldiers in the Union Army, ordered freedmen subject to military service. Not yet committed to a comprehensive plan of emancipation, President Abraham Lincoln overturned the orders. However, Hunterís orders were a precursor to Lincolnís own Emancipation Proclamation, formally issued January 1, 1863, and to the establishment of the Bureau of Colored Troops on May 22, 1863. Local African-American units included the 103rd Regiment USCT, which served at Ft. Pulaski 1865-1866.
 
Erected 2008 by Georgia Historical Society and Sam. (Marker Number 25-32.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Georgia Historical Society/Commission marker series.
 
Location. 32° 1.635′ N, 80° 53.563′ W. Marker is in Tybee Island, Georgia, in Chatham County. Marker can be reached from Islands Expressway (U.S. 80), on the left when traveling east. Click for map. At Fort Pulaski National Monument, Visitors Center. Marker is in this post office area: Tybee Island GA 31328, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
History of Emancipation: Marker, at Visitor Center at Fort Pulaski image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, October 19, 2008
2. History of Emancipation: Marker, at Visitor Center at Fort Pulaski
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cisterns of the Construction Village (a few steps from this marker); The Waving Girl (a few steps from this marker); Quest for Freedom (within shouting distance of this marker); Cockspur Island Lighthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); John Wesley (1703-1791) (within shouting distance of this marker); Immortal Six Hundred (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Burial Sites of Immortal 600 (about 400 feet away); A Changing Landscape (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Tybee Island.
 
Also see . . .
1. General Order No. 7, NPS excerpt. "The three States of Georgia, Florida and South Carolina, comprising the military department of the south, having deliberately declared themselves no longer under the protection of the United States of America, and having taken up arms against the said United States, it becomes a military necessity to declare them under martial law. This was accordingly done on the 25th day of April, 1862. Slavery and martial law in a free country are altogether incompatible; the persons in these three States — Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina— heretofore held as slaves, are therefore declared forever free." (Submitted on November 2, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

2. Gen. David Hunter
History of Emancipation Marker, Fort Pulaski in background image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2008
3. History of Emancipation Marker, Fort Pulaski in background
. David Hunter (July 21, 1802 – February 2, 1886) was a Union general in the American Civil War. He achieved fame by his unauthorized 1862 order (immediately rescinded) emancipating slaves in three Southern states and as the president of the military commission trying the conspirators involved with the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. (Submitted on November 2, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansForts, CastlesMilitaryNotable EventsWar, US Civil
 
General David Hunter image. Click for full size.
4. General David Hunter
1862 order (immediately rescinded) emancipating slaves in three Southern states.
(Library of Congress Collection)
History of Emancipation: Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 5, 2013
5. History of Emancipation: Marker
History of Emancipation image. Click for full size.
By Stanley and Terrie Howard, March 9, 2013
6. History of Emancipation
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,794 times since then. Last updated on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   5. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   6. submitted on , by Stanley and Terrie Howard of Greer, South Carolina. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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