“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

John Rutherford's Farm

Interrupted by War

John Rutherford's Farm Marker image. Click for full size.
By Keith Yoder, November 28, 2008
1. John Rutherford's Farm Marker
Inscription. John H. Rutherford was born about 1820. He acquired approximately 275 acres here between 1843 and 1848 from the heirs of John Carter. About May 24, 1849, Rutherford married Camilla C. Baker. At first, the couple lived with Mrs. Susan Pitman Carter, a widow and sister-in-law of John Carter, whose large brick house stood just north of here on her adjoining 173-acre farm. Her farm produced wheat, corn, Irish potatoes, and hay. In 1850, she owned 8 horses, 8 head of cattle, 2 oxen, 2 sheep that provided 125 pounds of wool, and 33 hogs. She also owned at least 7 slaves. Rutherford, who owned one horse at the time, evidently managed the Carter farm as well as his own.

By 1857, Rutherford was prosperous enough to construct a two-story brick house for his family. It stood just to your right, near the turnpike. Besides his wife and their children—Susan E., William, B., John C., and Albert G. Rutherford, who ranged in age from ten to two in 1860—Mary Spence, a domestic worker, and James Lownsan, a free black laborer, also lived here.

John Rutherford owned 9 horses, 10 head of cattle, 17 sheep, and 22 hogs just before the war began. He also raised wheat, oats, corn, Irish potatoes, and hay on his diversified farm. After the war, in 1870, he owned 5 horses, 13 head of cattle, no sheep, and only 2 hogs. His wheat production
John Rutherford's Farm Marker image. Click for full size.
By Keith Yoder, November 28, 2008
2. John Rutherford's Farm Marker
Is on the far right in this grouping of 3 Virgina DHR markers and 3 Civil War Trails markers.
remained stable, but his corn and oat crops were greatly reduced. By 1890, Rutherford was essentially a sheep farmer, with 120 sheep and some other livestock. He died in 1900. Rutherford’s farmhouse was demolished about 1963.

Archaeological studies here have uncovered remains of the Rutherford house site, the Battle of Rutherford’s Farm, and the Third Battle of Winchester.

“It was a sad sight to see our poor men lying on the ground, with only a little straw under them, although I suppose there was never a battle field where there were so many alleviations, in the way of kindness & attention from women.”
– Mary Greenhow Lee, diary, July 23, 1864
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 13.24′ N, 78° 7.854′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker is on Martinsburg Pike (U.S. 11), on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Rutherford's Farm (here, next to this marker); Battle of Rutherford's Farm
Close-up of Map on Marker image. Click for full size.
November 28, 2008
3. Close-up of Map on Marker
(here, next to this marker); The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hackwood Park (approx. 0.2 miles away); Action of Rutherford’s Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away but has been reported missing); Third Battle of Winchester (approx. ¾ mile away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. ¾ mile away); The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 1.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Winchester.
More about this marker. In the upper middle of the marker is a photo captioned, John Rutherford's brick farmhouse, ca. March, 1961, looking south, with Messick children (left to right) Roy R. Jr., Marvin L., Roger D., Steven R. (bottom), and Sidney W. (top). On the lower right of the marker is a map captioned, Winchester area, 1864.
Also see . . .  Mary Greenhow Lee. American National Biography Online (Submitted on December 1, 2008.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on . This page has been viewed 1,399 times since then and 128 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on . • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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