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Near Ramah in Cibola County, New Mexico — The American Mountains (Southwest)
El Morro National Monument Inscription Rock
 
El Morro National Monument Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, June 6, 2003
1. El Morro National Monument Marker
 
Inscription. Until it was by-passed by the railroad in the 1880’s, its waterhole made El Morro an important stop for travelers in the Acoma- Zuni region. Numerous inscriptions carved in the sandstone date from the prehistoric, Spanish, Mexican, and Territorial periods in New Mexico’s history. An important example is Oñate’s inscription, carved in 1605.
 
Erected by State of New Mexico.
 
Location. 35° 2.595′ N, 108° 20.284′ W. Marker is near Ramah, New Mexico, in Cibola County. Marker is on New Mexico Route 53, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ramah NM 87321, United States of America.
 
More about this marker. The El Morro National Monument is inside the Ramah Navajo Indian Reservation (between towns of Pinehill & El Moro), in Cibola County just to the east of the town of Ramah.
 
Regarding El Morro National Monument Inscription Rock. El Morro National Monument is located on an ancient east-west trail in western New Mexico.

The main feature of this National Monument is a great sandstone promontory with a pool of water at its base. As a shaded oasis in the western U.S. desert, this site has seen many centuries of travelers. The Spaniard explorers called it "El Morro" (The Headland). The Zuni Indians call it "A'ts'ina" (Place of writings on the rock). Anglo-Americans called it "Inscription Rock". Travelers left signatures, names, dates, and stories of their treks. While some of the inscriptions are fading, there are still many that can be seen today, some dating to the 17th century. Some petroglyphs and carvings were made by the Anasazi centuries before Europeans started making their mark. In 1906, U.S. federal law prohibited further carving.
 
The Bluff at El Morro Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, 2003
2. The Bluff at El Morro
Hundreds of years before Spanish conquistadores passed by here, a pool’s dependable water supply encouraged the settlement of Puebloan people on top of the bluff.
 

 
Also see . . .  National Park Service. El Morro (Submitted on December 5, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
 
Some petroglyphs and carvings were made by the Anasazi Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, 2003
3. Some petroglyphs and carvings were made by the Anasazi
The inscriptions date back to the 1600s when the Spanish traveled through the area.
 
 
Inscription from Don Juan de Oñate, as mentioned on marker Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud
4. Inscription from Don Juan de Oñate, as mentioned on marker
Translation: “Passed by here the Governor Don Juan de Oñate, from the discovery of the Sea of the South on the 16th of April, 1605.”
 
 
El Morro waterhole Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, 2003
5. El Morro waterhole
A reliable waterhole hidden at the base of a sandstone bluff made El Morro (the headland) a popular campsite. Ancestral Puebloans and Spanish and American travelers carved over 2,000 signatures, dates, messages, and petroglyphs for hundreds of years.
After centuries of continuous human use, the pool today is used only by local wildlife taking advantage of its refreshing waters.
 
 
El Morro National Monument Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, June 6, 2003
6. El Morro National Monument Marker
(L) "On the 25th of the month of June, of this year of 1709, passed by here on the way to Zuni, Ramon Garcia Jurado."
(R) "By here passed Pedro Romero on the 22nd of August, year of 1751."
 
 
In 1857, Breckinridge Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, 2003
7. In 1857, Breckinridge
was in charge of the 25 camels used by Lt. Edward Beale in his expedition.
 
 
Inscriptions at the point of El Morro Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, June 6, 2003
8. Inscriptions at the point of El Morro
include old Spanish carvings as well as English carved by members of the 1868 Union Pacific Railroad survey.
 
 
Inscription Rock Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, 2003
9. Inscription Rock
R.C. Logan Ohio 1866
E. Pen Long, Baltimore, Md
 
 
Inscription Rock Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, 2003
10. Inscription Rock
 
 
El Morro's Waterhole Photo, Click for full size
By Richard Denney, March 16, 2009
11. El Morro's Waterhole
El Morro's waterhole is located at the base of the sandstone bluff shown in this photo.
 
 
More signatures, Petroglyphs Photo, Click for full size
By Richard Denney, March 16, 2009
12. More signatures, Petroglyphs
One inscription reads "R.H. Orton, Capt. 1st Cal.. 1866". Also visible a petroglyph, perhaps a "cloud terrace" inspired church with cross.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on December 5, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 2,687 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on December 5, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   11, 12. submitted on May 12, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
 
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