Walhalla in Oconee County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Oconee Station / Oconee County
The South Carolina Frontier Experience
Oconee station & the William Richards House
This site was a frontier outpost and a meeting place between European American and Cherokees of this region during the late 1700s. The first building here, known as Oconee Station, was built as a garrisoned fort for armed troops and included a military blockhouse. Its initial purpose was to protect white settlers in the area from Indian attack. Soon Oconee Station became used as a trading post. Trader William Richards came to live on the property in 1795 and, in 1805, built a brick residence next to the station building.
Military Outposts and Trade
The sturdy stone structure at Oconee station housed as many as 30 soldiers at a time over a period of about eight years. We can only guess at the number of deerskins that passed through its doors during and since that time. Deerskin was in high demand in Europe, and Southwestern Indians responded by hunting millions of deer annually for trade. In exchange, they received weapons, cotton and linen fabrics, rum, ornaments, metal tools, and other items. European guns made it easier for Indians to hunt deer, but weapons were also valuable to them in defense against their enemies. Though trade was beneficial to both sides, it was
In exchange for their valuable deerskin, many Southeastern Indians received clothing made of European cotton and other fabrics, wearing a mixture of European and traditional Indian apparel. The attire of the white Americans living on the frontier also showed a blending. The fringed deerskin jacket associated with the frontiersman is European in construction but Native American in its materials and decoration. The sharing of material cultures between European-Americans and Native Americans revealed the amount of contact between these two groups and symbolized the complexity of their relationships, which ranged from inflamed animosity to friendly cooperation.
Defending the South Carolina Frontier
As Europeans and European-American settlement expanded across South Carolina, the "frontier" moved west. Beginning in 1792, Oconee Station and six similar military outposts served as the westernmost defensive points for new settlers. Scouts based in these stations roamed the frontier areas and served as an early warning network of imminent Indian attacks, giving the alarm to local white settlers.
Through a Traveler's Eyes
In May 1775 William Bartram, a British naturalist, crossed the Savannah River from Georgia and explored the Keowee River Valley in present-day Oconee and Pickens Counties. At that time, he was traveling through Cherokee lands. Two years later, most of this land would be lost to the Cherokee. Bartram's writings express the beauty of this part of South Carolina. Bartram was especially interested in the plants of the area. He sketched local species and described magnificent vistas.
Visitors to Oconee County today can experience the beauty that William Bartram found more than 200 years ago, including the sites highlighted on this panel.
Station Cove Falls
This site is withing Sumter National Forest adjacent to Oconee Station. It is an east mile-and-a-half from here.
Whitewater Falls and Foothills Trail
Oconee State Park
Camping, fishing, boating, and hiking are popular activities at this state park, which features recreational structures constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) during the 1930s.
Erected by South Carolina Heritage Corridor.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Civilian Conservation Corps, and the South Carolina Heritage Corridor marker series.
Location. 34° 50.767′ N, 83° 4.208′ W. Marker is in Walhalla, South Carolina, in Oconee County. Marker is on Oconee Station Road. Click for map. Marker is located at the foot of a walking trail leading to the Station and Richards House. Marker is at or near this postal address: 500 Oconee Station Road, Walhalla SC 29691, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Oconee Town (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Oconee Waterwheel (approx. 2.3 miles away); Cherokee Boundary (1777) Oconee State Park (approx. 2.4 miles away); Civilian Conservation Corps Monument (approx. 2.4 miles away); The Civilian Conservation Corps (approx. 2.4 miles away); Tamassee Town (approx. 2.8 miles away); Issaqueena Falls (approx. 3.9 miles away); Stumphouse Mountain Tunnel (approx. 3.9 miles away); Stumphouse Tunnel (approx. 3.9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Walhalla.
Also see . . .
1. Oconee Station State Historic Site. In the late 18th and early 19th century, a small plot of land along South Carolina’s western frontier served as a military compound against attack from the Cherokees and later a trading post. (Submitted on December 12, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
2. Oconee Station State Historic Site. Oconee Station was established in 1792 as a blockhouse on the South Carolina frontier. (Submitted on December 12, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
3. Oconee Station and Richards House. Oconee Station was erected before 1760 to afford the few settlers nearby a (Submitted on December 12, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
1. South Carolina's Oconee Station State Historic Site
This 210-acre park, on Oconee Creek in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, contains two historic structures: a stone blockhouse (fort) known as Oconee Station and a two-story brick residence known as the William Richards House.
The blockhouse was constructed around 1792 as one of a chain of such buildings established during a period of tension between white settlers and the Indians. Oconee Station was the last blockhouse to be decommissioned in the state. Troops were removed in 1799.
The brick house at Oconee Station, which sits near the blockhouse,was built in 1805 by William Richards, a native of Ireland. Richards established a successful trading post at Oconee Station. After the death of William Richards, along with the western movement of the frontier, Oconee Station's importance began to decline. The site is listed on the National Historic Register.
In addition to the structures, the park includes a large fishing pond and a two-mile hiking trail which ends at Station Cove Falls, a 60-foot
— Submitted December 12, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
2. Oconee Station and Richard House
Oconee Station is a rectilinear fieldstone building with gable roof with small windows in gable, wooden lean-to porch with four supports in front of central main entrance. Both front casement windows, which were originally loopholes, are set high on either side of entrances and are four-over-four. Colonial batten doors and shutters. Shutters also have long iron strip hinges. Walls are two feet thick.
Interior has brick fireplaces, one on each floor, in large central chimney. In basement are old loom, spinning wheel, and bullet molds.
Richards House, adjacent to Oconee Station, has two stories and a basement, and is constructed of handmade brick laid in a combination of English and Flemish bond. House has fieldstone foundation, two-piece batten shutters with iron strap hinges, front façade entablature and lean-to porch. Also had end chimneys.
Inside, house has two fireplaces on each floor. Brick parquet floor was recently discovered on ground floor, beneath about six inches of dirt. Second story floor is wood.
Both buildings have been restored for use
Oldest building in Oconee County, Oconee Station was erected before 1760 to afford the few settlers nearby a measure of protection against numerous Cherokee Indians in the area. Last of three guardhouses built by Lt. Col. Archibald Montgomery, who commanded English and Scottish troops in ill-starred 1762 attacks on Cherokees.
Building marks farthest point in South Carolina to which white settlers ventured prior to the Revolution, and is believed to have housed British soldiers, at least periodically, until after the war.
During the early 1800s the Indians used the building as a trading post. Later it became a storage place for furs, and then a residence.
The adjacent Richards House, constructed in 1805, is believed to be the first brick house built in the northwest corner of the state. It was erected by William Richards, one of three brothers who came to this area as soldiers under Col. Montgomery, and decided to stay here after the Revolution. During the early 19th century the house served as a stagecoach stop. (Source: National Register nomination form.)
Categories. • Colonial Era • Forts, Castles • Native Americans • Natural Features • Natural Resources • Notable Buildings • Notable Places • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 2,402 times since then and 184 times this year. This page was the Marker of the Week Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 9. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 10. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 17. submitted on , by Stanley and Terrie Howard of Greer, South Carolina. This page was last revised on June 21, 2016.