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Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

4th Michigan Infantry

 
 
4th Michigan Infantry Monument Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
1. 4th Michigan Infantry Monument
Inscription. (Front):
4th Michigan Inf.try
2nd Brig. 1st Div. 5th Corps.
participated in 53 skirmishes and general engagements
from Bull Run Va. July 21st 1861 to Appomattox Va. April 9th 1865.

(Back):
Mustered in at Adrian Mich.
June 20th 1861
Veterans consolidated with
First Mich. Infantry June 30th 1864.

Total enrollment 1325 officers and men.
Killed in action - officers 8 - men 115
Died of wounds - officers 4 - men 50
died of disease - officers 1 - men 95
Total 273

This monument marks the position held by the regiment July 2nd 1863
Present for duty -27 officers - 376 men - Total 403
Killed 1 officer 24 men. Wounded 9 officers 55 men. Missing 1 officer 75 men. Total 165.
Colonel Harrison H. Jeffords fell mortally wounded at this point.
Thrust through with a bayonet in recapturing the colors of his regiment.
'From his bosom that heaved, the last torrent that was streaming,
and pale was his visage, deep marked with a scar.
And dim was that eye, once expressively beaming,
that melted in love, and that kindled in war.

 
Erected 1889 by State of Michigan.
 
Location. 39° 47.77′ N, 77° 14.635′ W. Marker is
Front Inscription Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
2. Front Inscription
near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is at the intersection of DeTrobriand Avenue and Sickles Avenue, on the right when traveling north on DeTrobriand Avenue. Click for map. Located in at the Wheatfield (stop 9 of the driving tour) in Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Second Brigade (a few steps from this marker); 62nd Pennsylvania Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Third Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bloody Wheatfield (within shouting distance of this marker); 17th Maine Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 115th Pennsylvania Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 57th New York Infantry (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Third Brigade (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Wheatfield. National Park Service virtual tour stop. (Submitted on December 12, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. 4th Michigan Infantry. Very detailed history of the regiment. Information about Michael Vreeland was gathered from the unit roster presented on this site. (Submitted on December 12, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Relief on Front of Monument Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
3. Relief on Front of Monument
The figure is the likeness of Col. Jeffords. He holds upright the regimental colors he sought to retrieve on the battlefield.
 

3. 4th Michigan Colonel Harrison Jeffords, USA. Col. Jeffords' reaction when he saw the regiment's colors fall into Confederate hands was to personally attack the enemy. He was bayoneted and died the next day. (Submitted on December 12, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Back Inscription Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
4. Back Inscription
State Seal on Left Side Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
5. State Seal on Left Side
Corps Badge on the Right Side Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
6. Corps Badge on the Right Side
Monument from the Left Flank Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
7. Monument from the Left Flank
Looking from the left flank marker for the regiment toward the monument. The right flank marker is in the field on the opposite side of DeTrobriand Avenue.
4th Michigan Infantry Line Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
8. 4th Michigan Infantry Line
The flank markers indicate a general location of the regiment at the height of the fighting in the Wheatfield.
Plaque on the Grave of Michael J. Vreeland Photo, Click for full size
By Al Barrera, July 6, 2005
9. Plaque on the Grave of Michael J. Vreeland
Located in Woodmere Cemetery, Detroit Michigan. Vreeland was a First Lieutenant in Company I, 4th Michigan at Gettysburg. He was wounded in the breast and hand in the same fight for the regimental colors that claimed Col. Jefford's life. Later Vreeland was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and breveted to Colonel and Brigadier General for bravery and meritorious service.
Another View of Vreeland's Grave Photo, Click for full size
By Al Barrera, July 6, 2005
10. Another View of Vreeland's Grave
See link 2 above.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,148 times since then and 77 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   9, 10. submitted on , by Al Barrera of Brownstown, Michigan. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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