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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Petersburg in Grant County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Impregnable Fortress

 
 
The Impregnable Fortress Marker Photo, Click for full size
By J. J. Prats, July 15, 2008
1. The Impregnable Fortress Marker
Inscription. You are now at the western end of Fort Mulligan. The acute angles at this end of the works were clearly designed to be occupied by several artillery pieces to fend off attacks from the Seneca Road and the ravine to the southwest.

Fort Mulligan was built to be an impregnable fortress. The inner walls of the Fort were lined with timber and a defensive barrier of cut trees, known as an abatis, protruded from the outer entrenchment walls to prevent a major assault. There are indications of as many as three entrances and at least seven gun emplacements.

Itís not hard to picture the incredible amount of work that was done here. Construction of the dirt earthworks was most likely done almost entirely with picks and shovels, with horses dragging in logs and perhaps hauling some earth in wagons. Hundreds and perhaps, at times, over a thousand men labored here for weeks on end. Some companies would work on the Fort while other companies were on picket duty and guard duty. Sources indicate that the works were still being improved in December of 1863, four months after construction began.

From the Diary
Closeup of Drawing on Marker (Lower Left) Photo, Click for full size
2. Closeup of Drawing on Marker (Lower Left)
“Cross section of the earthworks through the central redoubt.”
of Joshua Winters, October 12-26, 1863.
“Mon Oct 12, 1863. Clear today. am on fitigue today a diging on the fort. Tues 13. clear today and nuthing strange. Wed 14. clear and plesant. Thur 15. i am on pikit today. it rained all day and night. Fri 16. it is raining today. Sat17. clear today. thair was a empty train hear today. Sun 18. clear today but rained tonight. Mon 19. plesant day. i am on fitigue at the fort. Tues 20. plesant day. ia was out in the Cunttrey. Wed 21. plesant day and no news. Thur 22. plesant day. i was 7 miles from camp today. Fri 23. this is a damp day and nuthing new at Petersburg. Sat 24. it still rains. Sun 25 this is a plesant day. Mon 26. clear and no news.”
 
Erected by Civil War Preservation Trust.
 
Location. 39° 0.05′ N, 79° 8.45′ W. Marker is in Petersburg, West Virginia, in Grant County. Marker can be reached from the Grant Memorial Hospital Parking Lot south of Houghlin Lane (West Virginia Route 55). Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Petersburg WV 26847, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers
Closeup of Photo on Marker (Center Left) Photo, Click for full size
3. Closeup of Photo on Marker (Center Left)
“Cannons were rolled onto square earthen platforms called ramparts.”
are within walking distance of this marker. Winter Quarters Huts (within shouting distance of this marker); Defending the Fort (within shouting distance of this marker); Protecting Supplies (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Last Days of Fort Mulligan (about 400 feet away); Civil War Cannons (about 500 feet away); The Irish Brigade & the McNeill Rangers / The Civil War Comes to Hardy County (about 500 feet away); Welcome to Fort Mulligan Civil War Site (about 500 feet away); A Strategic Location (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Petersburg.
 
More about this marker. The marker also has a drawing of soldiers carrying picks and shovels in the upper right with this caption, “Construction was most likely done with picks and shovels.” On the lower right is a portrait of “Private Joshua Winters, First (W) VA Volunteer Infantry (1843–1900).”
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The Impregnable Fortress Marker Photo, Click for full size
By J. J. Prats, July 15, 2008
4. The Impregnable Fortress Marker
View from the Marker Photo, Click for full size
By J. J. Prats, July 15, 2008
5. View from the Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,205 times since then and 79 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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