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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Colonial Heights, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

“Brave to Madness”

 
 
"Brave to Madness" Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 22, 2008
1. "Brave to Madness" Marker
Inscription. Nearby on 9 May 1864, Brig. Gen. Johnson Hagood's South Carolina Brigade attacked advancing elements of the Union X and XVIII Corps. As they 11th S.C. Infantry Regiment engaged the Federals across Swift Creek near Arrowfield Church, the 21st and 25th S.C. crossed the creek and charged up the hill to attack Brig. Gen. Charles A. Heckman's "Star" Brigade. Repulsed with a loss of 137 casualties, the South Carolinians were praised in an official report as "brave to madness." Their gallant charge succeeded, however, in saving from destruction the turnpike and railroad bridges that crossed Swift Creek and formed vital links in Lee's supply lines.
 
Erected 1998 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number S 31.)
 
Location. 37° 16.952′ N, 77° 24.737′ W. Marker is in Colonial Heights, Virginia. Marker is on Jefferson Davis Highway (U.S. 1 / 301), on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located on the south end of the bridge over Swift Creek. Marker is in this post office area: Colonial Heights VA 23834, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Swift Creek (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Electric Railway
"Brave to Madness" Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 22, 2008
2. "Brave to Madness" Marker
(approx. mile away); Union Army Checked (approx. mile away); Swift Creek Battlefield: A Landscape of Change (approx. 0.3 miles away); Ellerslie (approx. one mile away); a different marker also named Ellerslie (approx. one mile away); Redwater Creek Engagement (approx. one mile away); Union Army Railroad Raids (approx. one mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Colonial Heights.
 
Also see . . .  Swift Creek Mill. (PDF) National Register documentation for the Swift Creek Mill. (Submitted on December 23, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Advance and Retreat of Hagood's South Carolinians Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 22, 2008
3. Advance and Retreat of Hagood's South Carolinians
Looking north from the marker location over the modern bridge. Hagood had initially sent the 11th South Carolina as a forward screen on the high ground north of the creek. Receiving the order to further probe the Federal lines, Hagood dispatched two additional regiments. The Federals at that time occupied ground near the Arrowhead Church, which stood beside the road near the top of the ridge line in the distance. The South Carolina regiments advanced up the slope, were repulsed, and retired back across Swift Creek.
Swift Creek Mill Dam Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 22, 2008
4. Swift Creek Mill Dam
The mill, dam, and millpond have stood since the mid-19th century, but a mill was at the site as far back as the 1660s. This view looks north from near the marker location. The mill was square in the middle of the battlefield on May 9, 1864.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,480 times since then and 92 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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