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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chillicothe in Ross County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Site of Ohio's First Statehouse

 
 
Site of Ohio's First Statehouse Marker Photo, Click for full size
By William Fischer, Jr., December 21, 2008
1. Site of Ohio's First Statehouse Marker
Inscription. Ross County's first courthouse was Ohio's first statehouse. The courthouse was erected on the Public Square in 1801. Thomas Worthington, one of the building's superintendents, laid out the foundation. Chillicothe was the last capital of the Northwest Territory, and the final session of the territorial legislature met in the courthouse in 1801. Ohio's first constitution was written here in 1802. On March 1, 1803, Ohio's first General Assembly convened in the building, making it the statehouse. During a time of strained relations between Native Americans and settlers in Ohio, the great Shawnee leader Tecumseh delivered a speech here in 1807 to reassure citizens that the Indians would remain peaceful. The courthouse served as the statehouse from 1803 to 1810 and from 1812 to 1816. The building was razed in 1852 to make way for the present courthouse.
 
Erected 2000 by Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, Chillicothe & Ross County 2003 Commission of Chillicothe's Bicentennial Commission, Ross County Historical Society, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 3-71.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
 
Location. 39° 19.998′ 
Site of Ohio's First Statehouse Marker Photo, Click for full size
By William Fischer, Jr., December 21, 2008
2. Site of Ohio's First Statehouse Marker
Ross County Courthouse in background.
N, 82° 58.938′ W. Marker is in Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street (U.S. 50) and Paint Street, on the right when traveling west on Main Street. Click for map. Marker is at southeast corner of courthouse. Marker is in this post office area: Chillicothe OH 45601, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Court House Renovation (within shouting distance of this marker); Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Ohio (within shouting distance of this marker); Donald E. McHenry (within shouting distance of this marker); A Replica of Ohio's First Capitol (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Historic Site in Journalism (about 500 feet away); The Chillicothe Gazette (about 500 feet away); Banking Crisis of 1819 (about 500 feet away); Scioto Lodge No. 6 F. & A. M. (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Chillicothe.
 
Categories. GovernmentNative AmericansNotable BuildingsNotable PersonsPolitical SubdivisionsSettlements & Settlers
 
Replica of Ohio's First Statehouse Photo, Click for full size
By William Fischer, Jr., December 21, 2008
3. Replica of Ohio's First Statehouse
The Chillicothe Gazette newspaper building across the street is a replica of the first statehouse.
Stone from Ohio's First Statehouse Photo, Click for full size
By William Fischer, Jr., December 21, 2008
4. Stone from Ohio's First Statehouse
Imbedded in the south wall of the Ross County Courthouse.
Chillicothe Corporate Limit Marker Photo, Click for full size
By William Fischer, Jr., December 21, 2008
5. Chillicothe Corporate Limit Marker
Marker is located at 39.349614,-82.996983, on Ohio Route 104, 200 feet south of US 35 southbound exit ramp.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 720 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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