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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chillicothe in Ross County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

The “Statehood Riots” / The Enabling Act 1802

 
 
The "Statehood Riots" Marker (Side A) image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., December 21, 2008
1. The "Statehood Riots" Marker (Side A)
Inscription.
Side A:
The "Statehood Riots”
The first Northwest Territory assembly formally met in Cincinnati in September 1799 to initiate self-government. The legislators were deeply divided politically. The Republicans (antifederalists or “Jeffersonians”), led by Thomas Worthington and Edward Tiffin of Chillicothe, opposed the appointed government headed by the Federalist governor, Arthur St. Clair. They saw it as arbitrary and autocratic and recognized that change could occur only with statehood. To deter the movement, the St. Clair faction in 1801 divided the territory and removed the capital from Chillicothe to Cincinnati. Their actions triggered a violent confrontation led by antifederalist Michael Baldwin who incited the local rabble-rousers, known as “the Bloodhounds,” to riot in the streets of Chillicothe. Both political unrest and advancing settlement accelerated the Chillicothe faction's campaign for Ohio statehood.
(Continued on other side)

Side B:
The Enabling Act 1802
(Continued from other side)
According to the census of 1800, the Northwest Territory had a population of 45,365, far short of the 60,000 required under the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 to form a new state. However, the territory's rapid growth prompted the U.S.
The Enabling Act 1802 Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., December 21, 2008
2. The Enabling Act 1802 Marker
House of Representatives to form a committee early in 1802 to report on the prospect of statehood. Following a favorable report, the House passed an enabling bill, which was approved by the Senate and signed as the Enabling Act by President Thomas Jefferson on April 30, 1802. The following December, Thomas Worthington traveled from Chillicothe to Washington D.C. to deliver Ohio's Constitution to Congress for ratification. The constitution upheld the principles of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 and prohibited slavery in Ohio. On March 1, 1803, Ohio became the seventeenth state admitted to the Union.
 
Erected 2002 by Ohio Bicentenial Commission; Marietta Chapter NSDAR; Ross County Historical Society; The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 8-71.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Daughters of the American Revolution, and the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
 
Location. 39° 20.156′ N, 82° 58.982′ W. Marker is in Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County. Marker is at the intersection of Water Street and Paint Street, on the left when traveling east on Water Street. Click for map. Marker is at main entrance to Yoctangee Park. Marker is in this post office area: Chillicothe OH 45601, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are
The "Statehood Riots" / The Enabling Act 1802 Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., December 21, 2008
3. The "Statehood Riots" / The Enabling Act 1802 Marker
Enderlin Civil War Memorial at entrance to Yoctangee Park in background.
within walking distance of this marker. Enderlin Civil War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Ross County World War I Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Cultural Influences of Chillicothe and Ross County (within shouting distance of this marker); Banking Crisis of 1819 (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Arthur St. Clair's Headquarters (approx. 0.2 miles away); Donald E. McHenry (approx. 0.2 miles away); Court House Renovation (approx. 0.2 miles away); Site of Ohio's First Statehouse (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Chillicothe.
 
Categories. GovernmentNotable EventsNotable PersonsPolitical Subdivisions
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,221 times since then and 105 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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