“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Middleburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Battle of Middleburg

Battle of Middleburg Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, June 22, 2007
1. Battle of Middleburg Marker
Inscription. Here, on 19 June 1863, Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry fought Brig. Gen. David M. Gregg’s Union cavalry division. Screening the march of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia through the Shenandoah Valley to invade Pennsylvania, Stuart formed a line along this ridge facing Gregg, who charged down this road from Middleburg. Stuart counterattacked then fell back to another defensive position a half-mile west. In this action, Maj. Heros von Borcke, a Prussian officer and aide to Stuart, fell wounded with a bullet in his neck; he recovered and was at Stuart’s deathbed on 12 May 1864.
Erected 1997 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number B 31.)
Location. 38° 58.098′ N, 77° 46.049′ W. Marker is near Middleburg, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker is on John S. Mosby Highway (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling east. Click for map. As seen in the pictures, this marker is actually a few feet over the county line in Fauquier county. The marker is on the East bound side of a divided section of the highway. Marker is in this post office area: Middleburg VA 20117, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Battle of Middleburg
Battle of Middleburg Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, June 22, 2007
2. Battle of Middleburg Marker
Along the ridge in the background Stuarts first lines deployed at the start of the battle. The marker is in along the highway, just in front of the sign indicating the county line.
(approx. 1.6 miles away); Middleburg (approx. 1.7 miles away); Mosby’s Rangers (approx. 2.1 miles away); Welbourne (approx. 2.1 miles away); Rector’s Crossroads (approx. 2.2 miles away); Rector House (approx. 2.3 miles away); Attack at Goose Creek Bridge (approx. 3 miles away); History of St. Louis (approx. 3.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Middleburg.
Regarding Battle of Middleburg. This marker replaces a previous B-31 titled "Stuart and Gregg" which read simply, "Near here the Union Cavalry General Gregg attacked Stuart and forced him to retire, June 19, 1863." The older B-31 stood near the intersection of the John S. Mosby Highway (US 50) and Willisville Road (County Rt. 623).
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Battle of Middleburg
Categories. War, US Civil
Stuart's Retreat Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, June 22, 2007
3. Stuart's Retreat
Looking to the West, Stuart fell back down Ashby's Gap Road, modern day John S. Mosby Highway (US 50) to positions on the ridge line in the distance.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 3,024 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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