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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Prince George in Prince George County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Beefsteak Raid

Wade Hamptonís Cattle Raid

 
 
The Beefsteak Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 25, 2006
1. The Beefsteak Raid Marker
Inscription. As the summer of 1864 ended with Union Gen. U.S. Grantís army still laying siege to Petersburg, Southern sources learned of a large herd of cattle being held at nearby Cogginís Point on the James River. The cattle were grazing at “Beechwood,” the plantation of secessionist leader Edmund Ruffin. Knowing that this beef was to be issued to Northern soldiers, Confederate cavalry commander Gen. Wade Hampton received permission to capture them. Leaving their camps on Sept. 14, about 3,000 Southern cavalry and four artillery pieces began the ride of more than 100 miles around the Union lines.

Successfully reaching their destination two days later, the Confederates overwhelmed the guards and rounded up 2,500 head of cattle. To the south and at Sycamore Church, another contingent of Southern cavalry skirmished with a Federal outpost, capturing most of the command.

After recrossing the Blackwater Swamp, Hamptonís horsemen sent the captured herd on a more southerly route across the Jerusalem Plank Road at Hawkinsville, heading toward Freemanís Ford on the Nottoway River. To the northwest, near Belsches Mill at Ebenezer Church, Confederate cavalry fought a delaying action while attempting to hold back Union Gen. Henry E. Daviesí troopers from retaking the passing cattle. They were successful. Davies fell back to Petersburg
The Beefsteak Raid Map from the Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 25, 2006
2. The Beefsteak Raid Map from the Marker
This map from the marker shows the routes taken by Wade Hampton's cavalry during the Beefsteak Raid.
that evening.

By the morning of Sept. 17, Hampton was back in his lines with the fresh beef for Leeís commissary. His men had captured more than 300 Union prisoners and 2,486 steers (about 2 million pounds of beef). Confederate losses during the foray were 10 killed, 47 wounded and four missing.

Shortly after the raid, Grant was having dinner when one of the officers who attempted to stop Hampton said, “General, how long will it take to starve out Lee and take Richmond?” † The commanding general replied, † “Forever, General, if you keep feeding Leeís army with beef.”
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 37° 14.477′ N, 77° 14.84′ W. Marker is in Prince George, Virginia, in Prince George County. Marker is at the intersection of Ruffin Road (Virginia Route 106) and Old Stage Road, on the right when traveling east on Ruffin Road. Click for map. Marker is at the southwest corner of the intersection of Ruffin Road and Old Stage Road. Marker is in this post office area: Prince George VA 23875, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Bailey's Creek (here, next to this marker); Jordan's Point (here, next to this marker); Prince George Court House (approx. 2.6 miles away); a different marker also named Prince George Court House (approx. 2.6 miles away); Confederate Soldiers of Prince George Co. (approx. 2.7 miles away); History at Prince George Courthouse (approx. 2.7 miles away); Evergreen (approx. 3.1 miles away); Merchant's Hope Church (approx. 3.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Prince George.
 
More about this marker. The top of the marker features a picture of “Captured cattle returning through Prince George County, Virginia.” The right of the marker contains a map of the troop movements during the Beefsteak Raid.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Markers relating to the Beefsteak Raid.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Beefsteak Raid. The Civil War Siege of Petersburg website. (Submitted on December 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. Wade Hampton and the Great Beefsteak Raid. Lt. Gen. Wade Hampton website by the Sons of Confederate Veterans. (Submitted on December 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Notable EventsWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,280 times since then and 139 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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