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Petersburg in Dinwiddie County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Battle of White Oak Road

Four Years of War, Ten Months of Siege

 
 
The Battle of White Oak Road Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 22, 2006
1. The Battle of White Oak Road Marker
Inscription. It was March 1865. The Civil War had raged across battlefields from New Mexico to Pennsylvania for four desperate years. More than three million men had fought and more than 600,000 men had died but, finally, the war was winding to a close. The Federal armies had essentially won the War in the West; Major General William T. Sherman’s men had captured Atlanta, marched to the sea to take Savannah, and moved up through South Carolina and into North Carolina. In the East, Federal Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant faced off against Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Lee’s men were pinned in the siege lines around Petersburg, Virginia where they had been trapped by the Federals for almost ten months. Though his lines grew thinner every day from illness, battle casualties, and desertion, Lee could not abandon Petersburg. Petersburg was the gateway to Richmond, and the capital of the Confederacy.

On January 25, 1865, James Barrow of the 18th Virginia wrote to a kinsman that, “the dull monotony of camp life is now experienced by us all to its fullest extent. We have nothing around us to engage our attention other than the discharge of regular routine of military duty. We can only indulge in reveries of the past, think of the happy hours we have spent with loved ones at home…” Barrow’s “dull monotony”
Civil War Preservation Trust image. Click for more information.
2. Civil War Preservation Trust
would soon end. With the coming of better weather in the spring, Grant prepared his army for a new offensive.
 
Erected by Civil War Preservation Trust.
 
Location. 37° 9.123′ N, 77° 32.952′ W. Marker is in Petersburg, Virginia, in Dinwiddie County. Marker can be reached from White Oak Road, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is on the Battle of White Oak Road walking trail. The trail starts from the parking lot at the corner of White Oak Road and Clairborne Road. Marker is in this post office area: Petersburg VA 23803, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named The Battle of White Oak Road (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of White Oak Road (within shouting distance of this marker); White Oak Road Engagement (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of White Oak Road (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of White Oak Road (about 700 feet away); a different marker also named The Battle of White Oak Road
CWPT White Oak Road Battlefield Sign image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 22, 2006
3. CWPT White Oak Road Battlefield Sign
Marker is located on a walking trail that starts from the parking lot of the White Oak Road Battlefield.
(approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of White Oak Road (approx. 0.2 miles away); Gravelly Run Quaker Meeting House (approx. 1.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Petersburg.
 
More about this marker. The upper right of the marker contains a map showing the Confederate and Federal fortifications around Petersburg prior to the spring offensive.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Virtual Tour by Markers of the White Oak Road Battlefield. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .
1. White Oak Road. The Civil War Siege of Petersburg. (Submitted on December 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. Saving America’s Threatened Civil War Battlefields. Civil War Preservation Trust. (Submitted on December 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Notable EventsNotable PlacesWar, US Civil
 
The Battle of White Oak Road Walking Trail image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 22, 2006
4. The Battle of White Oak Road Walking Trail
Marker is located near the start of this walking trail.
Petersburg Fortifications Map from Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 22, 2006
5. Petersburg Fortifications Map from Marker
After ten months of siege, Ulysses S. Grant's Union army (in blue) had almost cut off all railroad access to Robert E. Lee's Confederate army (in red). An elaborate maze of forts and trenches like the Federal army's Fort Morton encircled Petersburg. Now that spring was coming, it was time for Grant to press Lee's army once more.
The Battle of White Oak Road Walking Trail Map image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 22, 2006
6. The Battle of White Oak Road Walking Trail Map
The location of the "Four Years of War, Ten Months of Siege" marker is indicated on this map.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,159 times since then and 101 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   2. submitted on .   3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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