Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Perryville in Cecil County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Principio Company

 
 
The Principio Company Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Pfingsten, June 29, 2006
1. The Principio Company Marker
Inscription. A leading iron producer during the Colonial period, Principio held Marylandís first blast furnace, operating 1725, and first refinery forge, constructed 1728. After the American Revolution, Principio made cannons and other ordnance until the British destroyed the complex in a raid during the War of 1812. The Whitaker Family revived the operation in 1837, and Principio remained an active iron manufacturing site for much of the nineteenth century.
 
Erected by Maryland Historical Trust & Maryland State Highway Administration.
 
Location. 39° 34.627′ N, 76° 2.005′ W. Marker is near Perryville, Maryland, in Cecil County. Marker is on Principio Furnace Road (Maryland Route 7) 0.2 miles east of Jackson Station Road, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Perryville MD 21903, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Striking a Blow (within shouting distance of this marker); Brookland (approx. 2.1 miles away); Explore the Chesapeake (approx. 2.7 miles away); Revered Son (approx. 2.7 miles away); Perryville
Principio Furnace Office 1836 image. Click for full size.
By William Pfingsten, June 29, 2006
2. Principio Furnace Office 1836
(approx. 2.7 miles away); “O! say can you seeÖ” (approx. 2.7 miles away); Maryland Women in Military Service Monument (approx. 2.7 miles away); Rodgers Tavern (approx. 2.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Perryville.
 
Also see . . .
1. Principio. Historical Society of Cecil County article by Milt Diggins. (Submitted on June 30, 2007, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.) 

2. Principio Furnace. Picture and information on the Maryland Historic Trust website. (Submitted on September 4, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.) 

3. The smelting stack at Principio Iron Furnace, Havre de Grace, Maryland. Chapter 6 of Bay Plain and Piedmont, A Landscape History of the Chesapeake Heartland from 1.3 Billion Years Ago to 2000 by the Chesapeake Bay Heritage Context Project, published in September 2000. See page 80 for a picture of one of Principioís smelting stacks. (Submitted on September 4, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.) 
 
Additional comments.
1. Other Names
The Principio Company was also cited as Cecil Furnace and Hughes Ironworks on Navy Contracts. Several 24-pdr Navy Guns were delivered
Iron Master's House image. Click for full size.
By William Pfingsten, June 29, 2006
3. Iron Master's House
in the 1790s for the Frigates outfitted during the quasi-war with France. The only two known survivors are on display in Savannah, Georgia. (Reference, “The Big Guns: Civil War Siege, Seacoast, and Naval Cannon,” by Edwin Olmstead, Wayne E. Stark, and Spencer C. Tucker.)
    — Submitted July 3, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

 
Categories. Colonial EraIndustry & CommerceLandmarksNotable BuildingsWar of 1812War, US Revolutionary
 
Ruins of furnace image. Click for full size.
By William Pfingsten, June 29, 2006
4. Ruins of furnace
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,773 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement