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Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Eye of General Warren

July 2, 1863 - Second Day

 
 
The Eye of General Warren Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
1. The Eye of General Warren Marker
Inscription. "I saw that this [Little Round Top] was the key to the whole position..."
Brig. Gen. G.K. Warren, U.S.A.
Chief of Engineers, Army of the Potomac

About 3:30 p.m. on July 2, the Union army's Chief Engineer, Brig. Gen. G.K. Warren, stepped out on these rocks with his binoculars. General Meade had sent him to examine battlefield conditions in the area. Warren found Union signalmen here, but no infantry. Little Round Top was undefended.

Warren discovered that Confederate troops were concealed in the woods just beyond the Emmitsburg Road (the second line of trees on the horizon). If these Southerners were allowed to seize Little Round Top, the Union army would be dangerously outflanked.

General Warren quickly dispatched aides to seek troops to defend the hill. Col. Strong Vincent's Brigade arrived just in time to meet the onrushing Confederates, and a bloddy conflict ensued. When Vincent's men were nearly overwhelmed, Warren found Col. Patrick O'Rorke's 140th New York Infantry on the hillside behind you and rushed them into the fight to save the day for the Union.
 
Erected by Gettysburg National Military Park.
 
Location. 39° 47.534′ N, 77° 14.2′ W. Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania,
Waysides on Little Round Top Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
2. Waysides on Little Round Top
Note the statue of General Warren in the background.
in Adams County. Marker can be reached from Sykes Avenue, on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Located at stop 8, Little Round Top, on the driving tour of Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Union Fishhook (here, next to this marker); The Valley of Death (a few steps from this marker); 91st Pennsylvania Infantry (a few steps from this marker); The Deadly Sharpshooters (a few steps from this marker); 91st Pennsylvania Volunteer Regiment (a few steps from this marker); Battery D Fifth U.S. Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); Warren (within shouting distance of this marker); Signal Corps U.S.A. (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
More about this marker. On the right center of the marker is a drawing of the activities on Little round top. From near this point on Little Round Top, General Warren scans the horizon for attacking Confederates of Longstreet's Corps. The sight of a large enemy force about to outflank the Union position struck Warren as "almost appalling." Behind Warren, Union signalmen use a flag to send coded messages.
Visible in the front of you is a bronze figure of General Warren standing on the boulder where he
What Warren Saw Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
3. What Warren Saw
Looking west from Little Round Top. The first ridge line (and tree line) is Houck's Ridge, with the Devil's Den to the left. Beyond that are fields only recently cleared and restored to the wartime appearance. The distant tree line is along Warfield Ridge. Emmitsburg Road passes the ridge at the break in that tree line, just left of center. In the afternoon of July 2, 1863, Warren observed Confederates from Hood's and McLaws' Divisions forming on that ridge.
stood on July 2. The statue was dedicated in 1888.


On the lower center is a portrait of General Warren. The keen eye and decisive judgment of Brig. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren helped save Little Round Top - and perhaps the battle - for the Union. Before the war Warren worked as a topographical engineer, and as a mathematics instructor at West Point where he had graduated second in his class in 1850. Here at Little Round Top he eluded death when a bullet grazed his neck.
 
Also see . . .
1. Little Round Top. National Park Service virtual tour stop. (Submitted on January 1, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. General Warren and Little Round Top. Warren's quick thinking and the initiative of many other officers ensured this critical point in the Federal defenses was secured. (Submitted on January 1, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Field Glasses of Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 25, 2009
4. Field Glasses of Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren
These glasses, on display at the United States Military Academy at West Point, were used at the battle of Gettysburg by Brevet Major General Gouverneur Kemble Warren. On the second day of the battle, he took action to secure Little Round Top for the safety of the Union left flank.
General Gouverneur K. Warren on Little Round Top Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2006
5. General Gouverneur K. Warren on Little Round Top
This statue of Gen. Warren, with his field glasses in hand, is located near the marker.
General Warren Photo, Click for full size
By Brandon Fletcher, June 25, 2009
6. General Warren
General Warren Photo, Click for full size
By AJ Mocca, October 14, 1997
7. General Warren
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,153 times since then and 96 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4, 5. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   6. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.   7. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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