Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Defense of Little Round Top

July 2, 1863 - Second Day

 
 
Defense of Little Round Top Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
1. Defense of Little Round Top Marker
Inscription. "A great basin lay before us full of smoke and fire, and literally swarming with riderless horses and fighting, fleeing, and pursuing men."
1st Lt. Porter Farley, U.S.A.
140th New York Infantry

Col. Strong Vincent and his 1,300-man Union infantry brigade rushed to defend this hill about 4:00 p.m. on July 2-and none too soon. Just as his men took position on the slopes below, Texans and Alabamians of Maj. Gen. John B. Hood's division began streaming out of the woods to your left. Rapid, deadly fire from Vincent's line drove them back.

Hood's determined men rallied and renewed the fight. When the Union right flank began to crumble, Colonel Vincent went to their aid. While exposed, he fell mortally wounded.

Just when the Federals seemed doomed, over the hill behind you poured the 140th New York Infantry led by Col. Patrick O'Rorke. The New Yorkers, who had no time to load their muskets, swept down the hill in front of you into the surging Confederates. O'Rorke fell dead when a bullet pierced his neck. After a bloody struggle the exhausted Southerners fell back, leaving Little Round Top in Union hands.
 
Erected by Gettysburg National Military Park.
 
Location. 39° 47.494′ N, 77° 14.221′ 
Defense of Little Round Top Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, June 25, 2009
2. Defense of Little Round Top Marker
W. Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker can be reached from Sykes Avenue, on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Located at stop 8, Little Round Top, on the driving tour of Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 140th New York Infantry (a few steps from this marker); Col. Strong Vincent (within shouting distance of this marker); 12th and 44th New York Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Historic Breastworks (within shouting distance of this marker); Battery D Fifth U.S. Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); The Deadly Sharpshooters (within shouting distance of this marker); 91st Pennsylvania Volunteer Regiment (within shouting distance of this marker); 91st Pennsylvania Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
More about this marker. In the center of the marker is a depiction of the Federals fighting on Little Round Top. The timely counterattack of Col. Patrick O'Rorke's 140th New York Infantry down the slope in front of you probably saved Little Round Top for the Union. Painting by Gil Cohen.

In the upper right is a portrait of Col. Strong Vincent, described as an attorney before
Col. Strong Vincent image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, June 25, 2009
3. Col. Strong Vincent
the war, was only 26 when he was mortally wounded here. His decisive action in seizing Little Round Top prevented the destruction of the Union left flank. He died in a field hospital five days after the fight, perhaps unaware that he had been promoted to brigadier general.


In the lower right is a portrait of Col. O'Rorke. The gallant Col. Patrick O'Rorke graduated first in his class at West Point in 1861. The 140th New York was his first combat command. Brig. Gen. G.K. Warren, who had sent O'Rorke into the fight here, lamented his death: "I would have died to save him if I could." O'Rorke is honored on the monument behind you to the left.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Little Round Top virtual tour by markers.
 
Also see . . .
1. Little Round Top. National Park Service virtual tour stop. (Submitted on January 1, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Colonel Strong Vincent and Little Round Top. Article discussing Col. Vincent's role in the defense of Little Round Top. (Submitted on January 1, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. The 140th New York and Texas Brigade. Article discussing the fighting between the New Yorkers and elements of the Texas Brigade on Little Round Top. (Submitted on January 1, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Col. Patrick O'Rorke image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, June 25, 2009
4. Col. Patrick O'Rorke
 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Defense of Little Round Top Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
5. Defense of Little Round Top Marker
Arrival of the 140th New York image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
6. Arrival of the 140th New York
Looking from the 12th and 44th New York Infantry Monument toward the marker location. The 140th New York Monument stands in on the paved path in center frame. The "Defense of Little Round Top" marker is further up the path. Col. Vincent was rallying his men when mortally wounded by a Confederate bullet. A stone inscription claiming to mark the spot is just behind to the right of the 140th Monument. O'Rorke was mortally wounded leading the 140th over the crest of Little Round Top here.
Col. Patrick O'Rorke Monument image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, June 25, 2009
7. Col. Patrick O'Rorke Monument
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,492 times since then and 176 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.   5, 6. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   7. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement