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Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

18th Pennsylvania Cavalry

1st Brigade 3d Division

 

—Cavalry Corps —

 
18th Pennsylvania Calvary Monument Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
1. 18th Pennsylvania Calvary Monument
Inscription. (front):
18th Pennsylvania Cavalry
1st Brigade 3d Division
Cavalry Corps
Army of the Potomac

(rear):
The regiment participated in the cavalry fights at Hanover June 30th and Hunterstown July 2nd 1863. On July 3d occupied this position and in the afternoon charged with the brigade upon the enemy's infantry behind the stone wall to the north of this point on the outer edge of the woods.
Present at Gettysburg 599 officers and men>
Killed 2 men, wounded 4 men.
Captured or missing 8 men.
Mustered in August, December 1862. Consolidated with the 22nd Pennsylvania Cavalry, July 24th 1865, forming the 3d Provisional Pennsylvania Cavalry, which was mustered out October 31st 1865.

Participated with the armies of the Potomac and Shenandoah in 51 battles, and out of a total enrollment of 2020, lost in killed, died, wounded and prisoners 688, of whom 131 died in the hands of the enemy while prisoners of war.
 
Erected 1889 by Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
 
Location. 39° 47.089′ N, 77° 14.967′ W. Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker can be reached from South Confederate Avenue. Click for map. Located a short distance
Close Up of Front Inscription Photo, Click for full size
By Henry T. McLin, January 1, 2009
2. Close Up of Front Inscription
off the horse trail leading along Bushman Hill. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Third Division (within shouting distance of this marker); First Brigade (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Wounded and the Dead (approx. 0.2 miles away); Farnsworth's Cavalry Charge (approx. 0.2 miles away); Reilly's Battery - Henry's Battalion (approx. 0.2 miles away); Battery E, Fourth U.S. Artillery (approx. 0.2 miles away); 5th New York Cavalry (approx. 0.2 miles away); William Wells (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
Also see . . .  Interpretations of Farnsworth's Charge. Lately historians have advanced different interpretations as to the details of Farnsworth's charge. This web article from Eric J. Wittenberg and J. David Petruzzi details the more traditional approach. (Submitted on January 3, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Horse Figure on Top of Monument Photo, Click for full size
By Henry T. McLin, January 1, 2009
3. Horse Figure on Top of Monument
Pennsylvania Seal Plaque on front center of monument. Photo, Click for full size
By Henry T. McLin, January 1, 2009
4. Pennsylvania Seal Plaque on front center of monument.
Back of Monument Photo, Click for full size
By Henry T. McLin, January 1, 2009
5. Back of Monument
View of Monument from about 20 Yards to the North Photo, Click for full size
By Henry T. McLin, January 1, 2009
6. View of Monument from about 20 Yards to the North
Note the flank marker stone beside the monument.
Bushman Hill Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
7. Bushman Hill
Looking from near the high ground near the Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Memorial to the east. The Third Cavalry Division Tablet and the 18th Pennsylvania Memorial can just be seen through the trees on Bushman hill (just above the curve of the road in the center). When Farnsworth's Brigade was ordered to assault the Confederate lines in the afternoon of July 3, the 1st West Virginia, 18th Pennsylvania, and portions of the 5th New York Cavalry Regiments attacked over the open ground this side of the tree line, toward a stone wall to the left, just out of frame. The wall was held by the 1st Texas Infantry. The attack was repulsed, and failed to provide support to the 1st Vermont's charge further east.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Henry T. McLin of Hanover, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,057 times since then and 95 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Henry T. McLin of Hanover, Pennsylvania.   7. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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