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Richmond in Henrico County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Chickahominy Bluff

Richmond Battlefield

 

—Richmond Nat’l Battlefield Pk – 1862/64 —

 
Chickahominy Bluff Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 24, 2007
1. Chickahominy Bluff Marker
Inscription. On this ridge overlooking the Chickahominy River, General Lee, President Davis, and many other prominent Confederate officers gathered to await the start of the operations that came to be called the Seven Days Campaign. They expected “Stonewall” Jackson’s 20,000-man army to get behind the Union position near Mechanicsville, to force the Federal Fifth Corps out of its defenses. General A. P. Hill then would clear the river crossings, allowing the bulk of Lee’s army to unite with Jackson and threaten the Richmond & York River Railroad, then in use as the main Union supply line.

Unanticipated obstacles delayed Jackson, and late on the afternoon of June 26, 1862, Hill forced a crossing two miles upriver from here and captured Mechanicsville. Hill’s success allowed Lee to transfer the troops assembled here at Chickahominy Bluff over to the northern bank of the river. Shortly before sunset, fragments of the Confederate army launched attacks just east of Mechanicsville at the Battle of Beaver Dam Creek, two miles from here.

Touring the Battlefields
This is the first stop on an extensive driving tour that mirrors the movements of the armies in the Seven Days Campaign. From here, you can drive across the Chickahominy River at the same spot where Lee and his divisions marched over late in the afternoon of June 26. Passing the little town of Mechanicsville, you
Confederate Fortifications at Chickahominy Bluff Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 24, 2007
2. Confederate Fortifications at Chickahominy Bluff
Earthworks near the marker were used to view the Union Army approaching Richmond in June of 1862.
will come to Beaver Dam Creek, followed by the rest of the Seven Days battlefields. Most of the driving tour is on historic roads and follows the routes used by the contending armies in one of the most elaborate and complex campaigns of the Civil War.

Right Panel: Chickahominy Bluff
”No one had any theory about the delay of Jackson, which was a cause of great anxiety…. Suddenly the lookers on … began looking with interest, and then Genl. Lee himself … joined then… [He] continued his observation for a few minutes, and then descended to the road. Advancing to Genl. Longstreet, he said ‘Those are [A.P.] Hill’s men, and then, in as quiet a tone as if he spoke of the weather, he said, ‘General, you may now cross over.’” - Major Joseph Brent, CSA Magruder’s staff
 
Erected by Richmond National Battlefield Park - National Park Service.
 
Location. This marker has been replaced by another marker nearby. It was located near 37° 35.04′ N, 77° 23.263′ W. Marker was in Richmond, Virginia, in Henrico County. Marker could be reached from Mechanicsville Turnpike (U.S. 360), on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in the Chickahominy Bluff Unit of Richmond National Battlefield Park. Marker was in this post office area: Richmond VA 23223, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers
Richmond National Battlefield Park Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 24, 2007
3. Richmond National Battlefield Park
Marker is in the Chickahominy Bluff Unit of Richmond National Battlefield Park.
are within 2 miles of this location, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Chickahominy Bluff (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Defending Richmond (about 600 feet away); Seven Days' Battles Begin (about 600 feet away); Outer Fortifications (approx. 0.2 miles away); Richmond Defences (approx. half a mile away); Hanover County / Henrico County (approx. half a mile away); The Chickahominy River & Seven Days' Battles (approx. half a mile away); Seven Days Battles (approx. 1.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Richmond.
 
Regarding Chickahominy Bluff. This marker was replaced by a new one named Chickahominy Bluff (see nearby markers).
 
Also see . . .
1. Places To Go in Richmond National Battlefield Park. National Park Service website. (Submitted on January 2, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. The Seven Days Battle. HistoryCentral.com website. (Submitted on January 2, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Chickahominy Bluff Battle Map from Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 24, 2007
4. Chickahominy Bluff Battle Map from Marker
Lee wanted to maneuver to get beyond the right of the Union army, forcing the Federals away from Richmond.
Richmond Battlefield Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 24, 2007
5. Richmond Battlefield
The national battlefield park contains sites relating to three separate events of the Civil War: the Seven Days Campaign of 1862, the Overland Campaign of 1864, and the late-war fighting north of the James River.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,514 times since then and 98 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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