Mechanicsville in Hanover County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
—Richmond Nat’l Battleﬁeld Pk – 1862/64 —
The Battle of Gaines’ Mill is notable as Lee’s first major victory of the Civil War. It also illustrated that direct frontal assaults, while costly, did not always fail. General Fitz John Porter’s Fifth Corps suffered 6,000 casualties in defense of this extended ridge, and Lee’s army sustained 9,000 causalities. Gaines’ Mill proved to be a landmark battle in several respects. It produced soaring confidence among Southern soldiers and civilians. It also showed that Civil War battles had the potential for greater violence and destruction than previously supposed.
Touring the Battlefield
Erected by Richmond National Battlefield Park - National Park Service.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Battlefield Trails - Civil War marker series.
Location. This marker has been replaced by another marker nearby. It was located near 37° 34.464′ N, 77° 17.45′ W. Marker was in Mechanicsville, Virginia, in Hanover County. Marker was on Watt House Road (Virginia Route 718), on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in the Gaines’ Mill Battlefield Unit of Richmond National Battlefield Park. Marker was in this post office area: Mechanicsville VA 23111, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. A different marker also named Gaines' Mill (a few steps from this marker); Seven Days Battles (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Gaines' Mill (within shouting The Watt House (within shouting distance of this marker); Springfield Plantation (within shouting distance of this marker); Lee’s First Victory: At a Huge Cost (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederate Pursuit (within shouting distance of this marker); Powerful Position (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line). Click for a list of all markers in Mechanicsville.
More about this marker. The left side of the marker features a map of Richmond National Battlefield Park, with the location of Gaines’ Mill indicated. The bottom right of the marker contains a battle map of the fighting at Gaines’ Mill.
This marker was replaced by a new one also named Gaines' Mill (see nearby markers).
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Take a Virtual Tour by Markers of the Gaines' Mill Battlefield Loop Trail.
Also see . . .
1. Gaines’ Mill. CWSAC Battle Summaries website.
2. Places . National Park Service website.
3. The Seven Days Battle. HistoryCentral.com website.
4. Gaines' Mill Podcast. 8-stop, 1.5-mile walking tour narrated by NPS historian, Robert Krick.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 2,116 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 7. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.