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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

12th and 44th New York Infantry

3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Corps

 
 
44th New York Infantry Monument image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
1. 44th New York Infantry Monument
Seen from the trail (north) side. Note the Maltese Cross of the Fifth Corps atop the "castle tower." The monument is 44 feet tall, making it the tallest regimental monument at Gettysburg. Standing atop one of the battlefield's highest point, the viewing deck offers an outstanding view of the southern half of the battlefield.
Inscription. (Front Left Side Plaque):
The 44th N.Y. Infantry, Lieut. Colonel Freeman Conner commanding, held position about 100 feet in advance of this monument, designated by a marker, from about 3 p.m. July 2, to about 11 a.m. July 3, 1863.
Number engaged 313.
Casualties.
Killed, 2 officers, 24 enlisted men.
Wounded, 5 officers (of whom one died), 75 enlisted
men (of whom ten died).
Total loss, 106.
At noon of July 3rd, was placed in reserve at the right of Little Round Top where it remained until close of battle.

(Front Right Side Plaque):
The 44th New York Infantry was organized at Albany, N.Y., August 8th—October 21, 1861. Number enlisted, 1096. Assigned to Brigade commanded by General Daniel Butterfield Subsequently known as 3d Brig. 1st Div. 5th Corps, A. P. In October 1862, two full companies, one of Albany State Normal School students, and the other from Yates Co., N. Y. were added. Total enrollment, 1585.
Engagements.
Yorktown,
Front Left Side Plaque on Monument image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
2. Front Left Side Plaque on Monument
The position marker mentioned on this plaque either was destroyed, lost, or never existed.
Hanover Court House, Gaines' Mill, Malvern Hill, Groveton, Antietam, Shepherdstown Ford, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Middleburg, Gettysburg, Jones' Cross Roads, Rappahannock Station, Mine Run, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon Railroad, Poplar Spring Church.
Casualties.
Killed, 3 officers, 122 enlisted men.
Wounded, 35 officers (of whom one died), 504 enlisted men
(of whom sixty-two died).
Died of disease, 2 officers, 145 enlisted men.
Missing in action, 50 enlisted men.
Mustered out at Albany N.Y. Oct. 1864.
Men whose term had not expired transferred to 140th
and 146th N.Y. Infantry

(Back Left Side Plaque):
12th N.Y. Infantry
D & E Companies
Lt. Col. H.W. Ryder Com'd'g.
3d Brigade
1st Division
5th Corps
on duty at 5th Corps
Headquarters
July 1st 2d & 3d 1863.

(Back Right Side Plaque):
12th N.Y. Infantry
or some part of it was
present at all battles
of the
Front Right Side Plaque on Monument image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
3. Front Right Side Plaque on Monument
5th Corps
Army of Potomac
from
Hanover Court House
May 27th 1862
to
Appomattox April 9th 1865.

(Plaque on Tower):
12 th N.Y. Reg.
at
Gettysburg
It had two companies under Lt. Col. Ryder on duty at headquarters as provost guard 5th Corps and headquarters Army of the Potomac.

On the 1st day of battle, General Francis Channing Barlow (formerly Lieut. of 12th) was severely wounded commanding 1st Div. 11th Corps.

On 2nd day of battle, General Daniel E. Sickles (formerly a captain of 12th) was severely wounded commanding 3rd Army Corps.

On the 3rd day of battle, General Daniel Butterfield (who, as Colonel, brought the 12th Regt. to the war) was wounded and disabled at Headquarters as Chief of Staff of the Army.

At the beginning of the war, this was the first Reg't to cross Long Bridge on advance of the Union Army May 24th 1861.

At Appomattox the two companies of the 12th consolidated with the 5th N.Y Vet. Infy. under Lt. Col. H. W. Ryder & Maj.
Front Entrance Flanked by Plaques image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
4. Front Entrance Flanked by Plaques
The state seal is on a metal disk at the top of the archway.
Paul A. Oliver took charge of the surrendered Confederate arms.

It had 66 enlisted men killed or died of wounds received in action, 67 enlisted men died of disease, 4 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

It had officers killed or died of wounds in various battles:
Captain Wm. H. Hoagland.
Captain Jas. Cromie. Captain Jos. Turkington.
Captain Henry C. Burton.
Captain Wm. Stockman Woods.
Lieut. Edward M. Fisher.
 
Erected 1893 by State of New York.
 
Location. 39° 47.475′ N, 77° 14.221′ W. Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Sykes Avenue, on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Located at stop 8, Little Round Top, on the driving tour of Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Col. Strong Vincent (here, next to this marker); Historic Breastworks
Back Left Side Plaque image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
5. Back Left Side Plaque
(a few steps from this marker); 140th New York Infantry (a few steps from this marker); Gen. Strong Vincent (within shouting distance of this marker); Defense of Little Round Top (within shouting distance of this marker); Third Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); Sixteenth Michigan Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); "Hold The Ground At All Hazards" (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
More about this marker. The monument is perhaps the most prominent feature on Little Round Top. The "castle turret" has a stairway, leading to a viewing deck.
 
Also see . . .
1. Little Round Top.
Back Right Side Plaque image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
6. Back Right Side Plaque
National Park Service virtual tour stop. (Submitted on January 4, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. 12th New York Infantry. Service record of the 12th New York. (Submitted on January 4, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. 44th New York Infantry. Service record of the 44th New York. The 44th was nicknamed "Ellsworth Avengers" in reference to Col. Elmer Elsworth, killed in Alexandria, Virginia early in the war. (Submitted on January 4, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Back Entrance to the Monument image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
7. Back Entrance to the Monument
Note the plaque on the castle tower to the right.
Plaque on Castle Tower image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
8. Plaque on Castle Tower
Monument as Seen from the Front image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
9. Monument as Seen from the Front
Close Up of the Castle Tower image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
10. Close Up of the Castle Tower
The stairs to the top of the tower are closed for safety reasons.
Plaques inside the Monument image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
11. Plaques inside the Monument
Plaques on the inside of the monument list the muster rolls of the two regiments.
Reliefs of Gens Butterfield and Barlow image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
12. Reliefs of Gens Butterfield and Barlow
Two of the plaques are reliefs of former 12th New York officers who went on to larger commands.
Defensive Line of the 44th New York image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
13. Defensive Line of the 44th New York
The 44th defended the south side of Little Round Top along what is sometimes called the "Vincent Spur" during the critical phases of the fighting on the hill. On their right was the 16th Michigan. To their left was the 83rd Pennsylvania.
The 14th and 44th New York Monument image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2008
14. The 14th and 44th New York Monument
Front side of monument seen from the lower slopes of Little Round Top.
Stairs to observation level. image. Click for full size.
October 9, 2011
15. Stairs to observation level.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,714 times since then and 187 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   15. submitted on . This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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