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Hanging Rock in Roanoke County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Two Future Presidents In Wartime Retreat

Hanging Rock Battlefield Trail

 
 
Two Future Presidents In Wartime Retreat Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., December 28, 2008
1. Two Future Presidents In Wartime Retreat Marker
Inscription. On June 21, 1864, two future presidents marched with Major General David Hunter’s Army of Western Virginia on its retreat from Lynchburg to West Virginia by way of Hanging Rock and the old New Castle Turnpike.

Colonel Rutherford Birchard Hayes, who would become nineteenth president, commanded the first Brigade of Brigadier General George Crook’s Second Division. The brigade consisted of troops from West Virginia and Ohio, including the 23rd Ohio. A young captain with that regiment was destined to become the twenty-fifth president of the United States. His name was William McKinley.

In addition to the battle at Lynchburg, the 23rd Ohio fought at Carnifex Ferry, Princeton, South Mountain, Antietam, Cloyds Mountain, Berryville, Winchester, Fisher’s Hill, and Cedar Creek.

Although McKinley survived the War Between the States, going on to serve in the United States House of Representatives, as governor of Ohio, and ultimately as president, ironically he was felled by bullets – not from the gunfire of wartime battles, but from an assassin.

Rutherford B. Hayes
Born in Delaware, Ohio, October 4, 1822
1852 Married to Lucy Ware Webb
1861 Major in the 23rd Ohio (Later commissioned as Colonel, Brevent [sic] Major General)
1864 Elected to United States
Rutherford B. Hayes detail on the Two Future Presidents In Wartime Retreat Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., December 28, 2008
2. Rutherford B. Hayes detail on the Two Future Presidents In Wartime Retreat Marker
House of Representatives (Took office in 1865)
1867 Elected Governor of Ohio (Served for three terms)
1876 Elected nineteenth President of the United States
Died in Fremont, Ohio, January 17, 1893

William McKinley
Born in Niles, Ohio, January 29, 1843
1861 Eighteen-year-old Private in the 23rd Ohio (later served as Commissary Sergeant, Second Lieutenant, Captain, Brevet Major)
1871 Married Ida Saxton
1876 Elected to United States House of Representatives
1891 Elected Governor of Ohio
1896 Elected twenty-fifth President of the United States
1900 Reelected to presidency. Shot by assassin in Buffalo, New York, September 6, 1901. Died in Buffalo from bullet wounds, September 14, 1901
 
Erected 1999 by County of Roanoke, the City of Salem, and the Hanging Rock Battlefield and Railway Preservation Foundation.
 
Location. 37° 19.489′ N, 80° 2.49′ W. Marker is in Hanging Rock, Virginia, in Roanoke County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Thompson Memorial Drive (Virginia Route 311) and Kessler Mill Drive. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Salem VA 24153, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Hanging Rock Coal Trestle (about 400 feet
William McKinley detail on the Two Future Presidents In Wartime Retreat Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., December 28, 2008
3. William McKinley detail on the Two Future Presidents In Wartime Retreat Marker
away, measured in a direct line); McCausland Attacks (about 600 feet away); The Battle of Hanging Rock (approx. 0.2 miles away); George Morgan Jones (approx. 0.2 miles away); United Daughters of the Confederacy Monuments (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hanging Rock Battlefield Trail (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Hanging Rock (approx. ¼ mile away); Hanging Rock (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Hanging Rock.
 
More about this marker. Marker is one of several interpretive signs along the cinder-surfaced, 1.7-mile long Hanging Rock Battlefield Trail that winds along Mason Creek and Kessler Mill Road in Salem, Virginia.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Other markers mentioning the "two future presidents" who fought in the Shenandoah Valley.
 
Also see . . .
1. Biography of Rutherford B. Hayes. While he was still in the Army, Cincinnati Republicans ran him for
Two Future Presidents In Wartime Retreat Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., December 28, 2008
4. Two Future Presidents In Wartime Retreat Marker
the House of Representatives. He accepted the nomination, but would not campaign, explaining, "an officer fit for duty who at this crisis would abandon his post to electioneer... ought to be scalped." (Submitted on January 8, 2009, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.) 

2. Biography of William McKinley. McKinley briefly attended Allegheny College, and was teaching in a country school when the Civil War broke out. Enlisting as a private in the Union Army, he was mustered out at the end of the war as a brevet major of volunteers. (Submitted on January 8, 2009, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. Notable PersonsWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,461 times since then and 119 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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