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Near Fairfax in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Battle of Ox Hill

The Death of General Kearny

 
 
The Death of General Kearny Marker Photo, Click for full size
January 10, 2009
1. The Death of General Kearny Marker
Inscription. As a rainy darkness enveloped the battlefield, Major General Philip Kearny rode eastward to investigate the reported gap in the Union line. Reigning up in the pasture, Kearny became alarmed that Stevens’ division had abandoned that part of the field after being repulsed.

Finding remnants of the 21st Massachusetts, Kearny immediately ordered them into the cornfield to protect Birney’s flank. They protested that their ammunition was wet and the cornfield was full of rebels. Kearny vehemently disagreed. Under threats and denouncements, the regiment advanced as ordered but soon halted under fire after capturing two skirmishers from the 49th Georgia.

Incensed at this delay, Kearny prodded the regiment forward, saying they were firing on their own men and that no rebels were in the cornfield. When shown the two captives, Kearny responded impetuously, “Damn you and your prisoners!” Putting spurs to his horse, he galloped forward in the rain to reconnoiter. Entirely alone and wearing an India rubber cloak over his uniform, the one-armed general rode into the cornfield. Within 60 yards he encountered the line of the 49th Georgia. Realizing his mistake, Kearny wheeled around to flee.

In an instant there were cries of “That’s a Yankee officer!” “Surrender!” “Halt!” “Shoot
Marker on the Ox Hill Battlefield Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 19, 2014
2. Marker on the Ox Hill Battlefield
him!”
Kearny threw himself forward and dug in his spurs, but a dozen muskets flashed in the growing darkness. Kearny was shot from his horse and died instantly in the muddy cornfield.
 
Erected 2008 by Fairfax County Park Authority.
 
Location. 38° 51.892′ N, 77° 22.256′ W. Marker is near Fairfax, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker can be reached from West Ox Road (Virginia Route 608). Click for map. Located at the fourth trail stop wayside at the Ox Hill Battlefield Park Interpretive Trail. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4134 West Ox Road, Fairfax VA 22033, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Battle of Ox Hill (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Ox Hill (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Ox Hill (within shouting distance of this marker); Maryland (Antietam / Sharpsburg) Campaign (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Ox Hill (Chantilly) (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Ox Hill
The Death of General Kearny Marker Photo, Click for full size
January 10, 2009
3. The Death of General Kearny Marker
(within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Ox Hill (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Ox Hill (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Click for a list of all markers in Fairfax.
 
More about this marker. On the upper right of the marker is a portrait captioned, Gen. Philip Kearny, USA Photograph taken at Washington, DC, March 1862. On the lower left of the marker are a drawing and a painting captioned, Death of General Philip Kearny, September 1, 1862. From The Century Magazine, ca. 1880s. and The next morning, General Robert E. Lee sent Kearny's body to the Union lines under a flag of truce. The Death of General Kearny, Painting by Julian Scott, 1884. On the right side of the marker is a battle map.
 
Also see . . .
1. Kearny's Death. From “A Last Salute” (Submitted on January 10, 2009.) 

2. The Battle of Chantilly. Civil War Preservation Trust (Submitted on January 10, 2009.) 

3. Philip Kearny's Pages. (Submitted on January 10, 2009.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Battle Map on Marker Photo, Click for full size
January 10, 2009
4. Battle Map on Marker
September 1, 1862 • 6:15 pm or later
Restored Cornfield/Pasture Rail Fence Photo, Click for full size
January 10, 2009
5. Restored Cornfield/Pasture Rail Fence
Approximate location of 1862 cornfield-pasture boundary.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on . This page has been viewed 956 times since then and 79 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on .   2. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3, 4, 5. submitted on . • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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