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Sonoma in Sonoma County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
Mission San Francisco Solano
 
Mission San Francisco Solano Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
1. Mission San Francisco Solano Marker
 
Inscription. On July 4, 1823, Padre Jose Altimira founded this northernmost of California’s Franciscan Missions. The only one established under independent Mexico. In 1834 secularization orders were carried out by military Commandant Mariano G. Vallejo. San Francisco Solano became a parish church serving the Pueblo and Sonoma Valley until sold in 1881.
This plaque replaces one originally dedicated by the Historical Landmarks Committee, Native Sons of the Golden West, 1926.
 
Erected 1963 by The California State Parks Commission in Cooperation with the Sonoma Parlor No.111, Native Sons of the Golden West, July 14, 1963. (Marker Number 3.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Native Sons/Daughters of the Golden West marker series.
 
Location. 38° 17.62′ N, 122° 27.355′ W. Marker is in Sonoma, California, in Sonoma County. Click for map. Marker is mounted on the wall of the Mission Building. Marker is at or near this postal address: 114 East Spain Street, Sonoma CA 95476, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The End of the Mission Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); Mission San Francisco Solano Sacred Ground (within shouting distance of this marker); Blue Wing Inn (within shouting distance of this marker); Vasquez House (within shouting distance of this marker); Sonoma Barracks (within shouting distance of this marker); Toscano Hotel (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Raising of the Bear Flag Monument (about 300 feet away); Servants Quarters (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Sonoma.
 
Mission San Francisco Solano Photo, Click for full size
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
2. Mission San Francisco Solano
 

 
Regarding Mission San Francisco Solano. This site has been designated as California Registered Historical Landmark No.3
 
Also see . . .
1. Mission San Francisco Solano. (Submitted on January 13, 2009.)
2. Mission San Francisco Solano. (Submitted on January 13, 2009.)
 
Additional comments.
1. Mission San Francisco Solano
The northernmost and the last of 21 California missions, the site was selected by Fr. Jose Altimira in 1823. The mission was named for a Peruvian saint. The building is not the original mission, which was a wooden structure dating back to 1824. A more permanent church structure was begun in 1827 by Fr. Buenaventura Fortuny. Around 1830, nearly 7,000 Indians were in residence. The present church was built in 1840 and rebuilt in 1858. All that survives from the mission days is a portion of the Padres house.
In 1881, in a ruined condition, the building was sold to Soloman Schocken who used it variously as a hay barn, winery and blacksmith shop. The building was substantially weakened by the 1906 earthquake.
The restored adobe has been stuccoed and features wood lintels, hand-hewn timbers tied together with leather thongs and a tile roof supported on boughs. The earthen floor is bricked and tiled. The original Mission bell hangs under a heavy beam. A large clump of ancient cactus fills most of the north side. The cupola was added to the peak of the front gable roof about 1850. Although extensively altered through restoration, the Mission represents the establishment of contemporary history in Sonoma.
Source: Sonoma Walking Tour Brochure
 
Mission San Francisco Solano Photo, Click for full size
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
3. Mission San Francisco Solano
 
    — Submitted January 13, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.

 
Additional keywords. California Missions
 
Mission San Francisco Solano Photo, Click for full size
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
4. Mission San Francisco Solano
 
 
San Francisco Solano Mission Bell Photo, Click for full size
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
5. San Francisco Solano Mission Bell
 
 
San Francisco Solano Mission Bell Photo, Click for full size
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
6. San Francisco Solano Mission Bell
 
 
Mission Courtyard Photo, Click for full size
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
7. Mission Courtyard
 
 
Mission San Francisco Solano Chapel Photo, Click for full size
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
8. Mission San Francisco Solano Chapel
 
 
Tomb of Maria Ygnacia Lopez Carrillo Photo, Click for full size
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
9. Tomb of Maria Ygnacia Lopez Carrillo
Located within the Chapel
 
 
Marker at Tomb of Maria Ygnacia Lopez Carrilo Photo, Click for full size
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2008
10. Marker at Tomb of Maria Ygnacia Lopez Carrilo
In Memory of
MARIA YGNACIA LOPEZ CARRILO
Buried Here Feb. 1849
Mother of
Francisca Benicia Carrillo
Who Was the Wife of
General M.G. Vallejo
 
 
Mission San Francisco Solano Photo, Click for full size
By Auburn Postcard Mfg.Co., Auburn, Ind., circa 1925
11. Mission San Francisco Solano
Description on Postcard:
Mission Bell, Sonoma,Cal.

Note: Postmark on postcard is Sonoma, Calif. December 7, 1925
 
 
Mission San Francisco Solano Photo, Click for full size
By Unknown
12. Mission San Francisco Solano
Description on Postcard:
Sonoma Mission founded in 1823 at Sonoma, Calif.

Note that the Mission Bell seen in the 1925 photo (see photo #11) is not present in this photo.
 
 
Mission San Francisco Solano Photo, Click for full size
By Edw H. Mitchell at San Francisco
13. Mission San Francisco Solano
Description on postcard:
Mission San Francisco Solano de Sonoma, California - 1823
Was founded 1823 and is the last of the 21 Franciscan Missions.

Note the changes in the bell tower, entrance door and side doors in this earlier postcard image.
 
 
Mission San Francisco Solano image, Click for more information
By Photocopy of photograph (from 'The California Advertiser'), circa 1880
14. Mission San Francisco Solano
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
HABS CAL,49-SONO,2-
Click for more information.
 
 
State Historical Landmark Directional Sign at Entrance to Sonoma Plaza Area Photo, Click for full size
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
15. State Historical Landmark Directional Sign at Entrance to Sonoma Plaza Area
 
 
Before Restoration With Saloon Building in Front of Chapel Photo, Click for full size
Courtesy of the Native Sons of the Golden West, circa 1903
16. Before Restoration With Saloon Building in Front of Chapel
Prior to acquisition by the State Park Commission in 1927 the old mission had been used for hay storage, while directly in front of the chapel there stood a saloon with the vestabule being used as a storage area for used liquor bottles.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on January 13, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California. This page has been viewed 28,902 times since then. This page was the Marker of the Week April 17, 2011. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on January 13, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.   11, 12. submitted on January 17, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.   13. submitted on January 18, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.   14. submitted on April 14, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.   15. submitted on January 13, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.   16. submitted on February 16, 2011.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Photo or postcard image of the original plaque mentioned in marker text. • Can you help?
 
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