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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Roanoke, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Norfolk and Western Railway

The David R. and Susan S. Goode Railwalk

 
 
Norfolk and Western Railway Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., December 28, 2008
1. Norfolk and Western Railway Marker
Inscription. Today’s Norfolk Southern has a colorful predecessor in both or Roanoke’s railroads. To keep this as simple as possible, we are discussing only the N&W history to its merger with the Southern Railway in 1982. Space prevents mentioning every merger or absorbed railroad here, but, the major lines that formed the main line of the N&W are covered here.

N&W began with the 9-mile City Point Railroad built 1837-1838 from Petersburg to City Point, Virginia on the James River. IN 1854, City Point merged with South Side Railroad (1854) connecting with the Virginia and Tennessee at Lynchburg. The V&T was being built to Bristol arriving in what would become Roanoke on November 1, 1852.

After the war of 1861-1865, Confederate General William Mahone, builder of Norfolk and Petersburg (1850s), gained control of SS and V&T merging them in 1870, as the Atlantic Mississippi and Ohio, running from Norfolk to Bristol. The AM&O was sold at foreclosure in 1881 becoming the Norfolk and Western Railroad. The road expanded to the West Virginia coalfields in 1882 creating a vast flow of traffic that continues today.

The Shenandoah Valley was merged into the N&W in 1890 and the road expanded to the Ohio River a year later. IN 1892, Roanoke and Southern was added expanding the road to Winston-Salem, NC. The Lynchburg and Durham was
Norfolk and Western Railway Marker </b>(fifth of five adjacent markers) image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., December 28, 2008
2. Norfolk and Western Railway Marker (fifth of five adjacent markers)
added in 1893, Shenandoah Valley, and Cincinnati Portsmouth and Virginia in Ohio to form the basis of the road headquartered in Roanoke. IN the first modern era merger, N&W absorbed the Virginian in 1959, Nickel Plate and Wabash in 1964. The N&W itself vanished merging with Southern in 1982 forming today’s Norfolk Southern, one of America’s finest Corporations.
 
Erected 2007.
 
Location. 37° 16.387′ N, 79° 56.339′ W. Marker is in Roanoke, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Norfolk Avenue SE and Market Street SE, on the right when traveling west on Norfolk Avenue SE. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Roanoke VA 24011, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Roanoke - A Railroad Town (here, next to this marker); Operation Fast Freight (here, next to this marker); The Finest Steam Passenger Locomotive (here, next to this marker); Power Behind the Nation (here, next to this marker); Roanoke Shops (a few steps from this marker); Norfolk and Western Passenger Station (within shouting distance of this marker); The Market Square Walkway (within shouting distance of this marker); Hotel Roanoke (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Roanoke.
 
More about this marker. All pictures are Norfolk and Western Railway photos provided for the marker from the collection of Kenneth L. Miller. Their captions follow:

[top right photo]: Artifacts of the early days are not easy to find. A Virginia and Tennessee timetable from 1855 gives an insight in the operations of the day. One passenger rode on a first-class ticket over the Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio from Salem to Big Lick about 1878.

[immediately below the top right photo]: These unusual, decorative depots were constructed in the 1870s and 80s. This one stood in nearby Vinton into the 1970s.

[immediately below and to the left of the top right photo]: Virginia and Tennessee locomotive “Roanoke” probably not long after its construction in 1854. In the early days, locomotives were generally named, rather than numbered.

[The bottom of the marker is a route map and merger history of the Norfolk and Western]
 
Categories. Railroads & Streetcars
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,221 times since then and 85 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.   2. submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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