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Near Petersburg in Dinwiddie County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Breakthrough

The Breakthrough Trail

 

—Pamplin Historical Park —

 
The Breakthrough Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 23, 2007
1. The Breakthrough Marker
Inscription. On the evening of April 1, 1865, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant issued orders for a massive attack against the Confederate lines defending Petersburg. Grant scheduled the assault for the following morning.

In the pre-dawn darkness of April 2, the Union Sixth Corps deployed in a wedge-shaped formation aimed at the Confederate works directly in front of you. They began their attack at 4:30 a.m. In a matter of minutes they had crossed what was then one-half mile of open fields and approached the Confederate fortifications.

The grayclad defenders, soldiers from North Carolina, blasted the attackers with muskets and cannon fire, inflicting hundreds of casualties in about fifteen minutes. Despite these terrible losses, the brave and determined Northerners sustained their momentum and scrambled up and over the earthworks.

A vicious hand-to-hand struggle took place along the Confederate works, but the outnumbered Southerners could not hold their position. Many of the Confederates were captured – unknown numbers of others were killed or wounded. Soon, Union flags flew from these ramparts that had been defended for so long by General Robert E. Lee’s devoted troops.

The Breakthrough here forced General Lee to evacuate Petersburg that night. Confederate government officials fled the capital at Richmond as well.
Marker on the Breakthrough Trail Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 23, 2007
2. Marker on the Breakthrough Trail
One week later, Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House.
 
Erected by Pamplin Historical Park.
 
Location. 37° 10.912′ N, 77° 28.435′ W. Marker is near Petersburg, Virginia, in Dinwiddie County. Marker can be reached from Duncan Road (Virginia Route 670), on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in Pamplin Historical Park, on the Breakthrough Trail. Marker is in this post office area: Petersburg VA 23803, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battlefield Terrain (within shouting distance of this marker); First Man Over the Works (within shouting distance of this marker); Brother vs. Brother (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 1st Lieutenant Octavius Augustus Wiggins (about 400 feet away); 1st Lieutenant Evander McNair Robeson (about 400 feet away); Confederate Winter Huts (about 400 feet away); Lieutenant Colonel George B. Damon (about 500 feet away); “We Fought Desperately” (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Petersburg.
 
More about this marker. The top of the marker is a battle map of the Breakthrough, indicating the approach of the Union troops, the position of Confederate fortifications and the location
Confederate Fortifications Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 23, 2007
3. Confederate Fortifications
These earthworks, located near the marker, were the objective of the Union attack of April 2, 1865.
of the marker.
 
Also see . . .
1. Breakthrough at Petersburg. The American Civil War website. (Submitted on January 17, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. The Breakthrough Trail. Pamplin Historical Park website. (Submitted on January 17, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

3. The Final Assault. The Civil War Siege of Petersburg. (Submitted on January 17, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Confederate Artillery Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 23, 2007
4. Confederate Artillery
Cannon, such as this one located in the Confederate fortification further along the Breakthrough Trail, attempted to repel the Union attack.
Breakthrough Battle Map from Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 23, 2007
5. Breakthrough Battle Map from Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 796 times since then and 42 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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