Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Second Army Corps
Army of Northern Virginia
Second Army Corps Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell
Early's Division Major General Jubal A. Early
Johnson's Division Major General Edward Johnson
Rodes's Division Major General R.E. Rodes
Artillery Reserve Eight Batteries Colonel J. Thompson Brown
July 1. The Corps occupied the left of the Confederate line and reached the field in the following order Rodes's Division by Newville road about noon and deploying along Oak Ridge soon became engaged. Early's Division on the Harrisburg road about 1 p.m. and united with Rodes's left in an attack on the First and Eleventh Corps Union troops and drove them through the town to Cemetery Ridge. The two Divisions occupied the town. Johnson's Division reached the field about night about night and not engaged. Late in the night moved along the Railroad and took position on the left of Corps and north east of town.
July 2. In the early morning Johnson's Division was ordered to take possession of a wooded hill on the left. Skirmishers were advanced and a desultory fire kept up until 4 p.m. when the Artillery from Benner's Hill opened the firing continuing for two hours. The Batteries were withdrawn much crippled. The Division about dusk was advanced to the assault in connection with Early's Division on the right the battle continuing
July 3. Early in the morning an attack was made by Johnson's Division having been reinforced by three Brigades from the Corps two other assaults were made but failed. Early's Division was withdrawn and occupied its former position in the town and not again engaged. Rodes's Division held the position west of town and not engaged. At night the Corps fell back to the range of hills west of the town.
July 4. The Corps took up the line of march during the night.
Casualties. Killed 809. Wounded 3823. Missing 1305. Total 5937.
Erected 1907 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Location. 39° 50.863′ N, 77° 14.72′ W. Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is at the intersection of North Confederate Avenue and Mummasburg Road, on the left when traveling north on North Confederate Avenue. Click for map. Located near the Eternal Peace Light Memorial (auto tour stop 2) in Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry (within shouting distance Ramseur's Brigade (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The King William Artillery (about 600 feet away); Eternal Peace Light (about 600 feet away); Eternal Peace Light Memorial (about 600 feet away); General Rodes Attacks (about 600 feet away); The Orange Artillery (about 600 feet away); Daniel's Brigade (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Gettysburg.
Also see . . .
1. Oak Hill. National Park Service virtual tour stop. (Submitted on January 17, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Report of Lieut. Gen. Richard S. Ewell. Much has been made of Ewell's decision not to assail Cemetery Hill on July 1. In his official report, Ewell writes:
The enemy had fallen back to a commanding position known as Cemetery Hill, south of Gettysburg, and quickly showed a formidable front there. On entering the town, I received a message from the commanding general to attack this hill, if I could do so to advantage. I could not bring artillery to bear on it, and all the troops
Cemetery Hill was not assailable from the town, and I determined, with Johnson's division, to take possession of a wooded hill to my left, on a line with and commanding Cemetery Hill. Before Johnson got up, the enemy was reported moving to outflank our extreme left, and I could see that seemed to be his skirmishers in that direction. (Submitted on January 17, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
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